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Basement Window Regulations

Basement Window Regulations

Interior renovationsBasement Window Regulations

Are you thinking about converting your basement into a living space? It goes without saying, but for every element within this particular level, windows are submitted to an array of rules and regulations established by the Construction Code. For more insight on the matter, here is the current regulation regarding basement windows. 

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Current Basement Window Standards

Current Basement Window Standards

Source: Canva

Converting a basement section into a bedroom

If your intention is to convert a section of your basement into a bedroom, bear in mind that the space will need to have at least one exterior-facing window. And, its surface area must be at least 3.75 square feet and 15 inches high. 

These standard dimensions have been instilled so that, in case of an emergency, an average-sized adult can crawl through the space. For security measures as well, the window must not need any type of support to be held open nor should it require a key or any other particular skill. 

If your window opens out onto a well, it should therefore benefit from at least 30 inches of clearance in front of the opening. In other words, if your window opens outwardly, the clearance space should not be diminished by this factor. Also, note that current regulations in regard to the aforementioned fact can vary from one borough to the next. Therefore, ensure to check with the concerned parties before jumpstarting your basement renovation project.

As for the window’s height, note that, ideally, it must be less than 1.5 metres off the ground, although there are no set regulations when it comes to this matter. For those who cannot meet this standard, bear in mind that you can proceed differently by positioning a piece of furniture right below the window sill. In case of an emergency, the occupant(s) will be able to climb through for a quick and easy escape. Also, avoid installing security bars on the window. 

If your basement bedroom is equipped with a fire sprinkler system, note that the above-mentioned requirements do not apply. 

Choosing a Window Model 

Current Basement Window Standards

Source: Canva

As far as the type of window you wish to purchase, note that there are no specific regulations in place for this matter. However, we highly recommend avoiding casement or awning windows, as they are often harder to manoeuvre in case of an accumulation of snow unless selecting a casement window with both window panes having the ability to open/close at the same time. Ideally, your choice should land on a sliding window due to its opening mechanism.

Is Your Window in a Well?

If your window is located on the inside of a window well, keep in mind that it should open without issue from the inside. Furthermore, if you have opted for an outward-opening, awning window, make sure that there is at least a 30-inch clearance once opened. 

By principle, it is important to mention that the current regulations in regard to basement windows vary from one municipality to the next, which is why you must seek further information to ensure you are fully aware of the standards issued by your borough. Furthermore, if your window well has a protective covering, is it absolutely necessary to be able to open it manually from the inside. And, should the window pane open up on the window well and pivot in its direction, it must in no way obstruct the available clearance. 

Tips to Live By

To ensure everyone’s safety, it is highly recommended to clear the space in front of the window from time to time to make sure that this exit is never obstructed. 

Also, if you have young children, take the necessary measures and time to go over the basics of opening a window so that they can do it by themselves in case of an emergency. 

On another note, make sure that the position of your window gives way to 8 to 10 inches of clearance from the floor. This is a highly important measure to ensure that the window is not exposed to a too high level of humidity, which could cause premature wear and tear. If you are not able to conform to this specific requirement, you will then need to install a window well in front of it. 

Why do some basements in new homes not meet current standards?

Current Basement Window Standards

Source: Canva

As we have mentioned in this article, a basement bedroom must have at least one window respecting the established required dimensions. So, why is it that some basement windows are clearly too small in newer homes? The answer is quite simple: The above-mentioned regulations do not apply if the basement is not considered a living space and does not have a bedroom. 

Regulations in Ontario

As if often the case, laws change from province to province. So, for those who find themselves in Ontario, here are the basement window requirements you should be aware of:

  • Must be openable from inside without the use of tools,

  • Stay open without the need for additional support,

  • Offer an unobstructed opening with a minimum area of 3.8 ft² (0.35 m²), ensuring no dimension falls below 380 mm,

  • If there is a window well, a clearance of at least 550 mm must be provided in front of the window,

  • If the window features an outward-swinging sash towards the window well, it must not diminish clearance to the extent that it obstructs a safe exit,

  • If a window well cover is utilised, it should be effortlessly opened from inside without requiring tools or specialised knowledge.

Need more tips before purchasing your new windows? Check out our article How to Choose Your Windows.

Curious about the possible cost of such a project? Try our cost calculator!

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Last modified 2024-05-01

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