How to Lay Vinyl Tiles : Step by Step Instructions
Last modified: 2018/10/08 | Approximate reading time 5 mins
When vinyl comes to mind, you might immediately think of music and the classic record player. In this case, we're talking about the floor. If you’re considering renovating your floor and looking for a versatile, easy to clean and crack-resistant option, maybe you’d be interested in vinyl tile? Vinyl tile is a popular choice for the kitchen, bathroom, laundry or mudroom.
Not only is it inexpensive, but the variety of colours, patterns and textures makes it extremely versatile for almost any home décor style. If we’ve piqued your curiosity and you’re interested in incorporating this tile into your home, then look no further!
Here’s how to lay and install vinyl tiles
Choosing the right vinyl tile for your home
There are two different types of vinyl tiles, and they are glue-down and self-adhesive. Glue-down tiles involve a messy process, as they are set in a bed of mastic. Self-adhesive tiles are much easier to lay and install for the novice or the DIYer, as they are simply peel and stick.
For the sake of this article, we are going to focus on how to install self-adhesive tiles. However, you could choose the ones best suited to your skill set as well as your home décor. If you’re having trouble installing either, remember you can always work with a renovation professional!
When it comes to planning for the tile installation, start by measuring the dimensions of the room you’ll be working on. Look to lay tiles out in such a way to maximize the number of whole tiles and the size of cut tiles. Of course, there will be situations where an awkward tile cannot be avoided, but try to place these somewhere out of sight, such as under shelving units or anywhere aside from the main sightlines.
First steps to installing a vinyl floor
The first thing you’ll need to do before laying the vinyl is to prepare an underlayment for the flooring. For this step, start by prying up any shoe moulding in place around the edges of the room. Next, you’ll have to lay a plywood surface and this will be in the form of underlayment. Cover the entire room and secure the underlayment in place using 1 ¼ inch underlayment nails, making sure to stagger the joints.
Following this, spread a thin layer of levelling compound along all visible seams. This can be completed using a drywall knife. Before moving on, you’ll need to let the compound dry completely, and this should take between 30 minutes to an hour. Once dry, sand down the seams with 100-grit sandpaper.
Next, trim down the area around the door opening so that tiles will be able to fit snuggly underneath. To do this, place a tile upside down in front of one of the door jambs, this will act as a height guide. Using an undercut saw, lay it flat and cut through the jamb working as carefully as possible. Once complete, move the tile to cut it in the same manner. Move through the casing, and repeat this step on the other side of the door frame.
Plan your vinyl tile layout
Measure the width of the room and mark the exact centre of the floor. Using a piece of chalk, draw a wall-to-wall line to indicate all of the points you’ve marked, and measure these to indicate the centre of the room. Grab a framing square and line it up along the chalk line at the centre point, making a line along the square's tongue so that it’s perpendicular to the chalk link. Repeat this on the other side of the chalk link. You’re wanting to divide the room into quadrants, so snap another line that goes from wall to wall and divides the room in the opposite manner.
Begin laying the tiles
Now, it’s time to begin laying the tiles. This method may vary depending on the type of tiles you’ve decided to work with. Make sure to do a good sweep of the floor before you start this part of the job, as laying tiles on a dusty floor can compromise how long they last. Since we're working with peel and stick vinyl tiles, you'll begin by peeling off the backing sheet in the first tile and set it into the corner that you’ve formed with intersecting chalk lines.
Since the floor has been sectioned into four quadrants, you’ll want to work on one at a time. Work outwards in a step pattern, working slowly and meticulously to make sure the tiles lay flat. Work first along the chalk line and then fill in the section. As mentioned, fill in a full section and then move on to the next one.
Once completed, take one of the tiles and lay it on top of an already installed tile closest to the wall. This uninstalled tile should line up directly with the tile beneath. Now, take an additional tile, placing this one directly flush with the wall and laying flat atop the uninstalled tile. Outline the top tile onto the tile below, this mark will be an indicator of where to cut so that a tile can be fitted to the wall. To make your cuts as clean as possible, you might consider working with a vinyl tile cutter.
You should be able to rent one from your local hardware store. If it’s not available, you can use a strong utility knife. If you’re working with a knife, the tile will need to be heated with a heating gun before you begin. Make sure to trim around any vents in the floor, though these should be accounted for in your initial measurements of the room. Test fit tiles surrounding vents before sticking them down permanently.
Now that the tile has been completely laid, you should make sure it’s smooth and flat. Roll a regular baker's rolling pin over the floor or anything cylindrical. This will make sure that all tiles are firmly in place. Either go ahead with reinstalling the shoe moulding you removed at the beginning of the job or install some fresh moulding. This can be secured in place with finishing nails. Lastly, leave your newly installed vinyl tiles unwashed for at least 5 days. This will allow the adhesive time to cure fully and will help preserve your tiles longevity.
A recap of the main steps to install self-adhesive vinyl flooring
- Measure the dimensions of the room you’ll be working on;
- Prepare an underlayment for the flooring;
- Pry up any shoe moulding in place around the edges of the room;
- Lay a plywood surface to use as an underlayment;
- Secure the underlayment in place using 1 ¼ inch underlayment nails;
- Spread a thin layer of levelling compound along all visible seams;
- Let the compound dry completely;
- Once dry, sand down the seams with 100-grit sandpaper;
- Trim down the area around the door opening to fit the tiles in;
- Measure the width of the room and mark the exact centre of the floor;
- Draw a wall-to-wall line to indicate all of the points you’ve marked;
- Use a framing square and line it up along the chalk line at the centre point to create room quadrants;
- Begin laying the tiles;
- Peel off the backing sheet on the vinyl tile;
- Start with the corner of the room where you have made the chalk lines;
- Work outwards in a step pattern and make sure the tiles lay flat;
- Finish one section and move on to the next one
- Test fit tiles around vents, water heaters and other obstacles before setting them down;
- Move on to the finishing touches.
Get 3 renovation quotes for your vinyl tile floor project
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