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Last modified: 2021-08-16 | Approximate reading time 4 mins
If you’ve done any serious remodelling work on your home, then it’s likely you’ve been met with the signs of water infiltration in some aspect: rotting wood, soaked insulation as well as mould and mildew growth. Notably, these signs can be recognized around a poorly or improperly installed window.
Correctly sealing windows so that they are both airtight and watertight is incredibly important for maintaining a comfortable indoor temperature as well as avoiding issues like heightened energy costs, as well as health risks.
So, how can you make your windows watertight? We promise the process isn’t too complicated and can be completed by the novice or expert alike. Read on for our step-by-step guide!
One of the main reasons why your windows might not be watertight is due to poor installation. Further, there is an expectation that siding is more effective than it actually is in keeping the moisture out of the wall cavity. It’s important to mention that no matter how well siding is installed, moisture can still easily leak into the house wrap or further, into the frame.
If water does find its way onto the house wrap, it slides down it and manages to worm its way into small cracks or openings. As mentioned, when water finds its way into a wall cavity, it can easily cause mould and mildew growth. Mould and mildew in your home involve serious health risks. It is bad for both materials in your home as well as the humans living inside.
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If you’re starting from scratch and installing new windows, first and foremost it is important to read the instructions. Detailed instructions should be provided as part of any window kit, and these should be diligently followed in order to avoid water infiltration. Most window installation instructions will address forming a waterproof sill pan as well as shimming the window so that it works properly.
To do this, before installing the window it is suggested that you make an x-cut into the house wrap and staple the resulting tabs into the opening. However, the top tab needs to be cut so that it covers the window top flange. Following this, add pan flashing as this will collect and drain any water that finds its way into the window. If you are in a colder climate, we recommend that you apply a spray adhesive to improve how the pan flashing holds up.
Run it tightly along the insides of the window opening, folding any excess over the house wrap. It’s also recommended that you staple the flashing in place to prevent them from moving. You can find both house wrap and pan flashing at your local hardware store.
Now will be the time when you install the window into place. In most cases, you will need to add caulking to the perimeter of the rough opening. Line the opening with caulk and flange, making sure it is correctly sealed. Before the caulk dries, it is crucial to have the window in place.
However, the bottom of the window should stay caulk-free, as sealing the bottom can trap water in the pan flashing, and this will lead to mould and mildew growth. Once the window is in place, there should be shim space on each side of the jamb. Now, check that the sill is level. If you find it’s not level, insert shims under one or both side jambs.
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