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The Different Types of Natural Paving Stones

By: Karine Dutemple

The Different Types of Natural Paving Stones

By: Karine Dutemple

Green renovationExterior renovationsThe Different Types of Natural Paving Stones

Paving stones have become a common accessory of front lawn landscaping, driveway lining and use within gardens. Paving stones can be employed to expand the personal and architectural style of your home, and will last a significant amount of time if you choose the correct material.

But, what are the different types of natural paving stones on the market? These flat-build stones are used to create smooth surfaces for driveways, patios, walkways as well as for poolside decks. If you’re looking for a way to spruce up your driveway or lawn, here’s the low-down on the different types of paving stones.  

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Natural stone pavers

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Stone pavers tend to come in a square or rectangular shape, and unlike concrete or brick pavers, their sizes are rarely identical. However, due to their size, texture and colour versatility, they have certainly gained popularity.

Stone pavers can also be referred to as paving stones, and are cut from quarries instead of being made from moulds like that of concrete or brick pavers. Since almost any type of rock can become a stone paver, there are many different products on the market. However, there are three kinds that are more common than others, and these are: slate, granite and travertine.

Although these stones are native to all regions of the country, they can be purchased and integrated into your landscaping, driveway or otherwise. Bear in mind that if you live in a region with a particular influx of a certain type of stone, it is likely you will find this material in a stone paver, and it can be used instead of those listed.

Travertine

This natural stone is suitable for many different applications and is often associated with the look of Ancient Rome as well as the European Renaissance. This material has a close relation to marble and therefore offers a rather smooth texture although it does display some natural cavities that make each individual piece truly unique. Travertine is a great choice for outdoor surfaces of all sorts and it offers a high-end application that can last a lifetime if it’s properly taken care of. Travertine comes in a variety of colours, another reason why it’s so appealing.

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Slate

Slate pavers are also a decorative style paver, featuring a wide range of colours. Slate is one of the most popular paver stone choices because of its natural appearance as well as its slip-resistant properties. When the slate is harvested and stripped from natural rock beds, it splits and is therefore naturally varied in texture. This textural variation is what makes slate slip-resistant. Other benefits of incorporating slate pavers into your landscaping or driveway include their rugged yet decorative style, their durability as well as their varied sizing options.

Granite

It's no secret that granite stone has been used in renovation projects for centuries now. Granite is particularly interesting, in that it comes from volcanic rock. When magma cools and picks up random minerals, granite is formed. As a result of the various minerals being trapped in the surface, granite is incredibly tough. Granite is one of the hardest substances on the face of the earth and is an excellent choice for the harshest of climates as it has a natural resistance to all types of weather as well as a natural permanence.

Why choose natural stone over other types of pavers?

natural stone paver_renoquotes.com

source: unsplash

As mentioned, there are many different paver materials on the market. Concrete and porcelain pavers are two other options. However, since natural stone pavers have been carved from the earth, their longevity and durability surpass that of manmade pavers. There are plenty of reasons to use stone pavers over other materials, and we are going to lay them out for you:

Uniqueness

We might be pointing it out over and over again, but the uniqueness of a stone paver is one of the definite selling points. Each stone is incredibly unique in that it will have slight variations in colour that can be incorporated into the pattern or design that you should choose. Stone pavers offer a unique touch that other pavers can not, and these types of pavers have a timeless quality that can be incorporated into traditional, rustic or modern designs with ease.

paving stone

source: unsplash

Durability of the paving stones

Natural stone pavers are one of the most durable materials out there for purchase. Natural stone has been sourced as a paving material for centuries. In some older areas of the globe, they can still be found as road paving. This is a good indicator of a natural stone paver’s durability. This material can withstand various types of weather and climate conditions and requires little to no maintenance for upkeep. Unlike traditional paver materials, which absorb water very easily, natural stone can deal with water. 

As a result of their natural durability and beauty, stone pavers are a captivating and obvious choice for your landscaping needs. These versatile stones work as a reliable element to incorporate into many different types of outdoor design. 

Want some maintenance tips about paving stones? Check out our article "How to clean paver stones". 

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Last modified 2023-03-11

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Vulnerable to water exposure Amongst its numerous merits, we highlighted glulam timber’s resistance to humidity. While it sure can resist it, it doesn’t necessarily mean that it reacts positively to it. Consequently, damage caused by water infiltration can result in: rotting; biotic decomposition. The second factor correlates with the proliferation of mould, moss, etc., which damages glulams in a similar fashion as it does solid lumber. Stability and Homogeneity of Glulam Timber Beams Source: Canva Since the slats are assembled in pieces using adhesives, it means that tall trees aren’t necessarily required. As a result, glulams aren’t as prone to knotting, which is something that typically develops over time. Therefore, glued-laminated timber exhibits greater resilience compared to solid lumber due to its exceptional homogeneity. The dimensional stability of a glulam beam is also superior to that of a solid lumber beam. This is attributed to the drying process it undergoes. In fact, each wood slat is individually dried before adhesives are applied.

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SoumissionRenovation.ca 03 Aug 2023

The Benefits and Uses of Recycled Concrete

Did you know that concrete could be recycled? Well, yes siree Bob! Concrete recycling is a technique used to salvage concrete waste. It’s an alternative to disposing of it in landfills that happens to be both cost-effective and eco-friendly. So, let’s zero in on concrete recycling, a practice that’s still, to this day, little known in Canada. Recycled Concrete: What Is it Exactly? Source: Canva Globally speaking, concrete is one of the most exploited materials due to its notable strength and its use in almost all infrastructures. However, its environmental impact is highly criticized. The Global Concrete and Cement Association (GCCA) states that said material is responsible for 7% of the planet’s CO2 emissions. Luckily, concrete’s environmental impact can be reduced by recycling it instead of letting it go to waste. As such, a whole series of techniques are used, thereby salvaging inert materials produced by concrete. In other words, concrete is recycled and reused on new worksites. Recycled concrete offers to same properties as traditional concrete. It’s just as resistant, easy to work, as well as viscous enough. In terms of quality, it doesn’t fall short of natural concrete aggregate. However, note that recycled concrete is limited to a few fields of use, and can’t be used on all worksites. It can be used on construction projects requiring a tensile strength of C30/37. Concrete grades with a lower tensile strength may be used during freeze cycles. There are two types of recycled concrete: Concrete issued from construction waste This includes waste from precast plants or ready-to-use concrete. The waste in this category comes in a variety of configurations: fresh concrete waste, cured concrete waste, leftover manufacturing waste, or worksite scraps. It can either make its way back to precast plants (as it’s done with fresh concrete) or be salvaged in crushing screening plants. Concrete issued from demolition waste Here too, concrete residue is recycled in crushing screening plants. The thin part of concrete is typically used to manufacture binders. The recycling process can result in new aggregates that can be used to manufacture new concrete. And, as a matter of fact, said aggregates may be employed to replace naturally occurring gravel and sand. How Is Recycled Concrete Made? Source: Canva Salvaging concrete waste is a process that’s relatively simple and done in 3 basic steps: 1st step: Sorting The first step, prior to recycling concrete, is to proceed by sorting the concrete waste to separate it from other materials. This is done with a special type of sifter found in a wheel loader’s bucket to sort concrete residue from other waste materials (pieces of wood, metal bars, or plastic films). Note: Sorting materials is a crucial step in concrete recycling. It’s done on two levels: first during the deconstruction of infrastructures, then when the resulting residue is sorted in crushing plants. 2nd step: Crushing After the residue is sorted, next comes the recycling stage, which is the crushing part of it. The materials are first lightly ground with a hydraulic chisel. Then, the pieces are reduced to smaller fragments in a crusher, to obtain a grain size of 60 millimetres. Next up is the screening step, which consists of sorting the ground materials based on their grain size. 3rd step: Dusting Lastly, the dusting phase is typically done by wet processing. And there you have, ready-to-use recycled concrete. Using Recycled Aggregates or Crushed Concrete Source: Canva Recycled concrete can be used for many different purposes in the construction industry. In fact, it can be used to: build roadway foundations; build sidewalks; backfill pipe trenches; manufacture recycled concrete aggregates; make landscaping construction materials; rubblize concrete, which consists of converting old concrete to make a base course; manufacture pavers, pots, benches, etc. Recycled concrete can help minimize rainwater runoff. What Are the Advantages of Recycled Concrete? Even though recycled concrete is an uncommon practice in Canada, criticized by some, it’s still an alternative to disposing of it in landfills, and it has numerous benefits: Reduces the use of natural resources (concrete) by close to 30%: This is a massive advantage when recognizing that enormous amounts of aggregates are used every year. Preserve the environment: Reduces mineral waste, mining, and industrial activities linked to the manufacturing of traditional concrete. Reduces transportation costs: Concrete recycling centres are usually located in urban areas near construction zones. Significant time-saver: Recycled concrete can be made and used rather quickly, which significantly reduces construction timelines. How to Standardize the Use of Recycled Concrete Recycled concrete is a material with beneficial properties for the construction industry, but it remains relatively underutilized due to preconceptions. To standardize and further promote its use, the Province of Quebec could consider implementing regulations that mandate the use of concrete made from salvaged aggregates for constructing public buildings, similar to practices in other countries such as Switzerland.


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