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Last modified: 2022-07-08 | Approximate reading time 4 mins
In Quebec, each year we benefit from a very hot summer yet an extremely cold winter. These two realities mean that in this beautiful province, heating and air conditioning are not to be taken lightly. And for good reason: Your survival kind of depends on it!
There is no shortage of heating and air-conditioning equipment out there and neither is there a lack of solutions for both heating during the winter and air conditioning during the summer. However, choosing the best solution is not easy, because surely you will want a product that meets your needs while still being within your budget.
A heat pump is a system that can be used for both heating and air conditioning. In addition to being practical and environmentally friendly, a heat pump pays for itself in the long run.
Although a heat pump represents a significant investment compared to installing a heating or air conditioning system, it is nevertheless a very cost-effective product.
Energy Transition Quebec defines a heat pump (also known as a geothermal heat pump) as an electrical device that transfers heat from one area to another. A heat pump can be used for both heating and air conditioning. Certain heat pumps can also supply hot water for consumption.
Note that in Quebec, a heat pump alone cannot meet heating requirements during the winter, as cold weather significantly reduces its efficiency. Therefore, the heat pump must be connected to another heating system in order for it to take over should the temperature dip below a certain degree.
A heat pump unit is made up of a humidifier, air filter, coil evaporation system, UV germicidal lamp, and fan coil. Should you choose this sensible option, note that there are two types of heat pumps: wall-mounted or central heat pumps. For more information on the cost of a heat pump compared to other heating systems, check out our heating system price guide.
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A wall-mounted heat pump is the ideal home heating and air conditioning solution. Since it has the same properties as a central unit, this system transfers the heat from the interior of the home to the exterior (cooling function) and vice versa for the heating function.
Unlike a central heat pump, a wall-mounted unit does not require any kind of ventilation ducts to be operational. The unit is air-cooled, which makes it much simpler to install; if you choose a wall-mounted heat pump, you will not have any ventilation ducts to install.
This option is simple and practical allowing you to improve your overall comfort during both the winter and summer months. Moreover, the wall-mounted heat pump allows you to avoid expansive installation costs as well as reduce your electric bill. This energy-efficient solution is affordable, cost-effective, quiet, unobtrusive, and allows for quick and precise temperature control.
The central heat pump functions in the same way: it drives heat from one place to another. However, the system differs from the wall-mounted heat pump in that its main purpose is to control the temperature of a house as a whole. The central heat pump system is divided into several independent components allowing for temperature control in the various areas of a house.
Typically, central heat pumps are installed in homes with existing air ducts, as the system is designed to transfer heat from one room to another. As with the wall-mounted heat pump, a central heat pump is a widely efficient and cost-effective heating and cooling system. Being an environmentally friendly option, heat pumps reduce your ecological footprint in the short and long run. Ultimately, it allows you to enjoy optimal comfort all year long.
When considering the purchase of either a wall-mounted or central heat pump, several factors should be considered in order to optimize your purchase according to your needs.
The higher the energy efficiency ratio (EER or SEER), the lower your air conditioning expenses will be. Likewise, during the colder season, the higher the heating seasonal performance factor (HSPF), the more energy you will save. However, consider the noise level of the heat pump you are purchasing, as a relatively loud heat pump can affect your overall comfort.
The Régie du bâtiment du Québec cautions that a faulty heat pump installation can cause serious harm to both consumers and the environment. In fact, a poor installation can result in a fire or permanent damage to the heating and air conditioning unit, in addition to causing contamination problems.
The RBQ states that some wall-mounted heat pumps necessitate installation by a building contractor holding a valid subclass 15.10 license (Refrigeration). However, the RBQ also specifies that a licensed contractor with a subclass 15.9 license (Small refrigeration systems) could also be appropriate for this type of installation, provided that the cooling capacity does not exceed 20 Kilowatts.
In the event that the installation requires electrical work, said installation must be carried out by an electrical contractor holding a valid license under subclass 16.0 (Electrical Contractor). The Régie du bâtiment du Québec has made available a repertory of license holders to ensure that said contractor is in accordance with the law.
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