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How to Install a Floating Floor

How to Install a Floating Floor

Interior renovationsFlooringHow to Install a Floating Floor

There are many reasons you may be interested in installing a floating floor. Whether it’s because you’re working with a concrete subfloor or you’re looking for the best solution for your current flooring, floating floors have become a popular choice for many.

This type of flooring has several advantages and comes in various materials which require different installation methods. So how do you get started on this project?

This article will offer a step-by-step guide detailing the process of installing floating floors. The process is quick, easy, and can be done by even the most novice renovator! Read on for all the necessary information.


Installing a Floating Floor

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Pre-installation considerations

Before you choose your floating floor, you'll have to consider several aspects, such as the quantity of light in the room, the intended use, the number of occupants in your home and so forth. Note that it's possible to install a floating floor throughout the house, except in the bathroom.

Engineered wood (without glue and nails) is often referred to as a "floating floor." As the name implies, this type of floor is neither glued nor nailed to the ground. To install it, you simply have to slot the floorboards one into the other. Since it isn’t permanently fastened to the floor, we can consider a floating floor an environmentally-friendly option. 

However, the fact that the floorboards aren’t secured to the floor doesn't mean that they'll move around. Once it's been installed, the floating floor is very solid. Nevertheless, if you eventually need to remove the floor, it'll be easy to do so. You can even use the floorboards in another room. 


Laying the groundwork

Installing a floating floor requires patience and the right amount of preparation. It's important to note that the room’s humidity level will affect the floating floor installation process. If the humidity level is too high, the wood may start to expand, which could create bulging. On the other hand, if the humidity level is too low, the volume of the wood might decrease.

Before you start installing the floor, make sure you measure the humidity level in the room. The surface of the ground should exceed the 15 degrees Celsius mark, the air temperature should be at least 18 degrees Celsius, and the humidity level in the room should be somewhere between 50 and 75%. It's also recommended that you remove the wood from its packaging and let it rest in the room for about 72 hours.

Note that when you install your floating floor, the board should be perpendicular to the windows to conceal the joints and also perpendicular to the door’s threshold, as this will ensure a proper transition between the rooms. You should also make sure that the surface on which you're about to install the floating floor is clean, as this will avoid creating bumps.


The sublayer 

The first step of the process is the sublayer. This element is very important, as it serves to improve the soundproofing of the floor, level the floor and control the humidity level in the room. This sublayer also helps increase the lifespan of your floating floor. There are two types of floating floor sublayers: one which has to be unfolded and another that is sold in the form of a roll. Before you go on to the following step, make sure that the sublayer has been installed throughout the room and that there are no gaps between pieces. Everything should be set in place using metallic tape.

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Installing the floating floorboards

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Next, you can start installing the floating floor. Since there are many different types of materials and options on the market, it's recommended that you look at the instruction manual that's been provided with the floorboards so you can gain a better understanding of the proper installation technique. One thing is certain: in all cases, a floating floor is easy to install because the basic idea is that you have to interlock the floorboards one into another.

Depending on the techniques, this step is done by installing the boards in a rotating movement, fitting them together, or pressing them against each other. For the first corners, it's essential to put separators between the wall and the floating floorboards every 50cm / 19.7 inches. For the rest of the space, it's enough to nest the boards in one another.  


The door situation

Whether you decide to install a floating floor under the door at the beginning or at the end of the installation process, the method remains the same. The easiest way to do this is to place a floorboard next to the door to know the exact measurement. Next, saw off the bottom part of the door frame, to install a floorboard in its place. For the rest of the floor, take the measurements accordingly so the boards fit properly within the room.


The pipe situation

Pipes are another one of the potential obstacles you might run into during this installation process. By chance, there is an easy solution. Simply measure the size of the obstacle and cut the wood of your floating floor accordingly.  The rest of the process will be the same as what was already described, which is to install the floorboards in a normal manner.


Installing the final floorboard layer 

When you find your way towards the last row, set shims against the wall. Also, measure the width in a few places. If the wall you’re working on is straight, then you should be able to work with planks that are all the same width. In most cases, we’d recommend cutting each plank individually with a circular or power saw. If you’re working with a circular saw, make sure it has a clamped straightedge.

When putting the floorboards in place, tilt the board as you lower it until it snaps or fits in place. Use a pull bar or a tapping block to fit the board into place.

Once the floor has been installed, wash the surface with a specific cleaning product. After that, you’re all done! You're now free to enjoy your brand-new floor. Just make sure to keep it clean and to take care of it regularly.


Would you like to have more information about different types of flooring? Check out our article Flooring Renovation Guide.

Get 3 quotes for your floating floor renovation project will put you in contact with 3 reliable contractors for your floating floor renovation project. Fill in the form on our homepage (it only takes a few minutes), and you will receive quotes from trusted professionals.

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Last modified 2023-05-09

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Cynthia Laferrière 02 Dec 2022

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Lifting Devices for Disabled or Mobility Impaired Individuals

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6 min read 27 Jan 2023

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Thus, providing the entire home with a comfortable warmth. The pipes running between the boiler and the radiators enable hot water to circulate, thereby releasing a gentle, even heat. Note that the water in these pipes stays hot for a long time. During the January 1998 North American ice storm, some radiators remained hot and efficient despite a two-day power outage. When the water cools down, it's pumped back into the boiler to be reheated, or done so merely by gravity (the boiler is usually located in a basement), and the cycle repeats itself. Now, installation requires a double-acting hydraulic cylinder, one to deliver water to the heating appliances, and the other used to return the water to the heat generator. It’s a closed circuit, so it’s always the same water that circulates. Heating Unlike Any Other Rather than heating the room itself, the hydronic system heats the objects using radiation, resulting in a more constant flow compared to a forced air system. As the water circulates through the pipes, it’ll first heat the walls of the units using convection. Then, the heat will flow through the metal structure by way of conduction. Finally, the warm air will diffuse by radiation, just like the sun's rays warm floors, walls, furniture, and even the individuals in a room. The majority of the energy will be dispersed as such. Designed to provide maximum efficiency as well as even heat, various radiators are equipped with numerous fins, tubes or blades. The "accordion" shape, a tribute to its predecessor, is still very much present in today's systems since it significantly increases the heat exchange areas. Small- and Large-Scale Heating Contrary to popular belief, hydronic heating can be installed in all types of buildings, whether it be a residential home, a multi-housing unit, a commercial space, or an industrial building. With individual heating, a boiler supplies heat to all the rooms in the house or apartment. With collective heating, the boiler distributes heat to all the apartments within a complex. This approach can be developed on a large scale, as there are also heat networks for districts or cities. Beneficial Features of Hydronic Heating Source: Canva When the winter cold hits, we tend to give in to the idea of using one of the most efficient heating systems, with numerous advantages. If you want to benefit from uniform ambient heat throughout your home, hot water heating is definitely the way to go! Uniform Heating Solution for Maximum Comfort As opposed to an electric heating system, or other various appliances that diffuse heat independently, a centralized hot water heating system functions around a closed circuit to provide constant and uniform warmth in every room. Since it heats objects (floors, walls, furniture, etc.) rather than the ambient air, this unique system eliminates hot, dry drafts, and the discomfort of low or high levels of humidity, as well as temperature variations. Instead, heat is released gradually, where and when it's needed, to ensure unparalleled thermal comfort. Also, it should be noted that the temperature of the water flowing through the pipes isn’t sufficiently warm to cause burns from touching the radiators and other appliances. Clean Air for a Healthier Home As previously mentioned, a hot water heating system doesn’t cause air displacement. It heats up mass rather than ambient air and doesn’t contribute to dust, pollutants, and allergens moving through the home, as do forced-air central heating systems and older ventilation systems. Therefore, this makes it a great option for anyone suffering from allergies or chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma, sleep apnea, or others. An Eco-Friendly System Not only is a hot water heating a safe option for residents, but it's also an eco-friendly option. Given that it uses the same water supply as it circulates in the pipes, this clever system proves to be very green. After all, water is a renewable but precious resource. A hot water system works in such a way that its supply can be recycled over and over again, thereby avoiding wasting the planet's resources. As a bonus, the hot water heating system is both clean and eco-friendly, as it doesn’t release greenhouse gas emissions or pollutants into the atmosphere while in operation. Noiseless Performance One other advantage that makes hot water heating worth mentioning is that it makes virtually no noise. If properly calibrated, it's very quiet, if not inaudible, and provides a pleasant tranquillity. Cost-Efficient System Compared to other heating systems, installing a hot water system may sound expensive. However, compared to a traditional electric baseboard heating system, the costs associated with its use are lower, making it a long-term money-saver. Hydronic heating evenly distributes and regulates the heat in the home. Simply maintaining the temperature with zero fluctuation reduces household energy consumption. This translates into big financial savings on utility bills. To sum it up, regardless of the fact that it's remarkably durable, it's an excellent investment, since hot water heating is more cost-effective than the most popular heating systems. The Outstanding Effectiveness of Hot Water Heating Source: Canva While hot water heating systems are highly durable, a boiler's age speaks volumes about its efficiency. While an old oil boiler can convert 60% of the energy found in its fuel into heat, electric boilers are much more efficient, with 100% efficiency. Gas boiler efficiency varies between 80% and 95%. To improve efficiency, besides changing your old boiler, you can retrofit your hot water heating system with an "indoor/outdoor" temperature controller, no matter how old it is. The controller monitors both indoor and outdoor temperatures to determine the ideal setting. This allows you to maintain a constant temperature, and save a lot of money compared to systems that overheat before shutting down. Minimal Maintenance Hot water heating systems have stood the test of time. If properly maintained, their operational life can easily exceed fifty or sixty years. Besides preserving the thermal comfort in your home, annual maintenance ensures the durability of your heating system. It's a simple and rarely expensive routine that can prevent many concerns. Boiler and overall system cleaning and maintenance should be done by a professional technician. Below are the most important maintenance tasks to ensure the efficient performance of the hot water system: Make sure that the water level is set at an optimal level and that the air trapped in the pipes is cleared (oxygen contributes to the corrosion of some steel pipes and hinders the water flow); Clean the combustion chamber to ensure the necessary amount of heat is produced for the system to properly function; Ensure that the water pressure is good and constant; If needed, lubricate the water pump for a good water flow; Analyze the contamination level of the water and replace it if necessary; For oil and gas boilers, check whether the boiler is burning properly and if it’s safely vented (electric boilers require very little maintenance). Lastly, professionals recommend bleeding your heating system once a year by withdrawing two to three cups of water, to avoid damaging the pipes. Be careful! Are parts of the boiler or pipes running hot? This could be a sign that there's an insulation problem, and thus a heat loss issue. Are the pumps or valves leaking? Rapidly ensuring that the pipes are watertight is super important. Wall leaks are not common since the main connection points are near the appliances and boiler. However, water leaks under the appliances can damage floors and even the building’s structure and cause utility bills to skyrocket. A Good Pipe A hot water heating system is made up of galvanized steel pipes (or copper pipes for older models) that absolutely need to be maintained. The two main problems are pipe scaling and corrosion. Scaling is the result of waste matter found in drinking water, especially when it contains a lot of limescale. When heat and pressure are applied, scale tends to crystallize on the metal walls of the pipe. As a result, water flow rates are reduced and heat transfer is delayed, causing energy consumption to increase by as much as 40%. In the worst cases, the piping can occasionally rupture. Unfortunately, corrosion stems from the fact that the majority of pipes used today are made of galvanized steel. If not insulated, they're prone to corrosion in unheated areas of the home. Are you looking for experts for your air conditioning or heating project? Fill in this form to be connected with top-rated contractors! Different Hot Water Heating Systems Source: Canva If the oil boiler is on the verge of extinction, the hydronic electric heating system is the perfect alternative due to its excellent efficiency and because it requires very little maintenance. On the other hand, gas boilers maintain their title as the most economic and eco-friendly option. Provided the boiler is large enough, hot water offers quite an array of possibilities: Enjoy hot water for various household needs and tasks, easily heat an add-on room, veranda, or sunroom, or simply add a heated floor or a towel warmer, or heat your pool water... Basically, let your imagination run free! These features are obviously broken down into different options. To make the right choice, it's best to know how to distinguish the various characteristics and features. Types of Power Supplies The main methods of powering hot water heating systems are fuel (wood or gas) and electricity. Note that hybrid or dual-energy boilers enable the use of two energies during very cold spells, which allows you to benefit from favourable rates from Hydro-Québec. Electric boilers are easy to install, neat and compact, thus making them ideal in residential homes and commercial spaces. They're always reliable and efficient and have a virtually unrestricted lifespan. Natural gas boilers are amongst the most energy-efficient heating appliances on the market. On top of that, they produce very little pollution. And, yearly maintenance guarantees their efficiency over the years. Types of Systems To create a water flow, two types of hot water systems are used: gravity-fed and forced water systems. Gravity-fed system Gravity-fed systems don't rely on a pump to function properly. Due to the ingenuity of this system, water flows through the house to heat the various rooms, before it's heated again. This is accomplished by exploiting the difference in density between the supply water and the return water. When water is heated, it expands and its density drops. In turn, it causes water to rise in the pipes. The energy is then distributed to the various units of a room by means of baseboard heaters and other devices, thereby lowering the temperature of the water. As it cools, the water contracts causing its density to increase. It then naturally plunges towards the boiler to allow the cycle to repeat itself. Having an expansion tank means you can safely manage the increasing volume of the water once it’s been heated. Since the driving force of gravity-fed systems isn’t as strong as that of forced air systems, it’s offset by the larger piping. There's a growing trend towards replacing the gravity-fed system with the forced air system. Although efforts have been made to overcome the slower driving force through larger pipe sizes, the water flow remains slower and the temperature fluctuations between heating cycles are still noticeable. This type of system also negates the possibility of using the basement, unless you aren't bothered by cold floors. In fact, since the hot water is less dense, it automatically rises above the level of the boiler and prevents the temperature from being evenly distributed. Forced air heating system Forced air heating units use a pump system to maintain water flow. They're grouped into four distinct categories based on their individual piping. Loop system A unique pipe runs through the building to supply all the heating appliances (radiators, baseboard heaters, convectors, etc.). The hot water needs to flow through each radiator, thus losing its heat according to the power of the appliance it feeds, before returning to the boiler. While this system is limited in capacity, it's relatively inexpensive to install and duct insulation becomes unnecessary because the piping is located near the floor. However, it's impossible to regulate the temperature of one unit without affecting the others. Loop systems are most often used in small buildings or as a sub-circuit of a larger system. One-pipe system With this system, every heating appliance is linked to one main piping supply. As opposed to the loop system, each heating unit can be regulated by means of a control valve. Two-pipe direct return system This type of system has two separate piping networks. The first one allows hot water to flow toward heating units. Once the water has cooled down, the second pipe draws the water back to the boiler to reheat it. However, it requires each unit to have a control valve, which makes it difficult to regulate. Two-pipe reverse return system This system is similar to the previous one, but the return flow is via an additional pipe. The cooled water, therefore, returns directly to the boiler along the supply pipe. However, it's easier to balance, allowing each individual unit to be supplied with water at the same temperature. Whether you're in the middle of a renovation project or looking to cut back on your utility bills, choosing your heating system carefully is key. After all, you can get a high-performance system that offers maximum comfort at a reasonable cost!

6 min read

Cynthia Laferrière 08 Dec 2022

Everything About Firewood

Are you planning on installing a fireplace or wood-burning stove as a way of heating your home this winter? Perhaps you're worried about power outages and want an alternative source of heat in the event of a blackout. Or maybe you've just been dreaming of romantic getaways at the chalet, bundled up in front of the open flames, hot chocolate in hand… No matter your motivation, there's no denying that the comfort, style, and ambiance created by these appliances are sure to win over any homeowner. So, if you're willing to commit financially to installing such a heating system, of carefully maintaining it, and stacking the firewood, go ahead, and keep scrolling! Factors to Consider When Heating with Firewood Source: Pexels - Pixabay Regulations Respecting Firewood Appliances Residential wood-burning appliances sometimes undermine values and generate environmental concerns, which is why it's important that your appliance meets current environmental standards. Fortunately, new CSA B415 or EPA-certified wood-burning stoves and fireplaces produce far fewer airborne emissions compared to their predecessors. In fact, since 2009, non-compliant models are no longer sold in Quebec, and the government offers financial aid programs to encourage citizens to upgrade their appliances. As far as Montréal regulations apply, regardless of the type of solid fuel used, your system can't emit more than 2.5 grams of particles per hour. Some boroughs do require that you obtain a permit before removing, replacing, or installing a fireplace or wood-burning stove. You may also be required to report your new installation within 4 months to avoid a fine. In other words, educate yourself before jumpstarting your project! And finally, know that choosing the right species and quality of wood can reduce your negative impact on Mother Nature. Choosing the Right Firewood Source: Canva Now that your wood-burning stove or fireplace is compliant, all you've to do is make the right decisions to maintain the value of your investment and limit pollution. 1- Wood species Normally, local suppliers offer a mix of cherry, maple, birch, and beech. Oak, elm, and ash are also available. These are the hardest and densest woods that perform best in terms of energy efficiency as well as wood-burning rate. Resinous woods such as larch, pine, basswood, and cottonwood are preferable on warmer days when you'll be feeding your fireplace, not for warmth per se, but primarily to remove moisture from the air and maintain a comfortable room temperature. These species are a favourite for date night in, as the logs crackle and add a touch of ambiance. However, these burn rather quickly and tend not to leave behind a nice bed of embers. Woods commonly referred to as softwoods, such as fir or spruce, shouldn't be used. Doing so would render your purchase ineffective, both from a heat output perspective and as far as keeping your fireplace in good condition. 2- Wood features Ideally, you should get your cords ready in the spring and allow them dry outside during the summertime under optimal conditions: Sheltered from the rain; Not straight on the ground, but on pallets or another type of support; Rows spaced out to allow air circulation. Whether in cities or suburbs, it’s not always easy to find enough space inside to store the purchased firewood in the spring. Simply choose a lumber supplier that lets the wood dry for about a year before selling it. If you plan on cutting down the trees yourself, do so in the winter, when the sap flow is interrupted. Basically, firewood must be dry (less than 20% moisture level). Damp wood doesn't burn all that well, fails to meet the standards required for a healthy environment and increases the risk of causing a fire by blocking your chimney. If it makes a kind of whistling sound when burning, then it's not ready. However, according to Ms. Taillefer of Bois de foyer Rive-Nord Inc., "You can choose semi-dry wood depending on the season, to save money and then allow the wood to dry." Whether the wood you purchased is delivered to you, or you're buying in-store, remember to look out for these aspects to ensure you’re getting high-quality wood: The ends of the logs should be cracked; the deeper and wider the cracks, the better. If a dry, hollow sound results from banging together two ends, it's a good log. If the wood is darker in colour than that of the tree trunk’s natural colour, your logs will also burn more efficiently. If you notice a smell of fresh wood or beading water, you’re probably looking at green wood, thus damp wood. Don't buy it. Naturally, you won't have to deal with humidity issues when using a pellet stove or artificial firelogs, since the wood bags are available at hardware stores, ready to burn. Fun Facts: No matter the rumours out there, firewood is a taxable product. Don't be surprised when you see the QST and GST on your bill! Part of the reason why the price of firewood has soared is due to the cost of gas for product transportation. Are you looking for experts for your wood-burning fireplace project? Fill in this form to be connected with top-rated contractors! Storing Firewood Source: Canva Also, as previously stated, and as advised by Sandie Taillefer, "Firewood should be stored outside, exposed to the wind and sun, to air it out more efficiently." Likewise, keep your wood on high ground, sheltered from bad weather. However, if you can store your logs in a garage, or if you've got a dedicated storage space, all the better! But don't store large quantities of logs in a living space. Also, don't line your balcony with it either: That could damage the structure and cause it to buckle under the weight of the wood. Measuring a Cord of Wood The standard measurement for a cord of wood is 4 feet high, 4 feet wide, and 8 feet long (128 cubic feet). The preferred size of a log for optimal heating, and one that fits most appliances, is 6 inches in diameter by 16 inches long. Occasionally, different sizes can be requested from your supplier. Remain vigilant about whether you're getting the right amount of firewood. Some terms are deemed illegal as they tend to be confusing and may indicate a measurement that is less than a cord (face cord, stove cord, apartment cord). Be present during delivery, take note of the license plate on the delivery vehicle and measure the bulk of firewood brought in. The following information should be listed on your receipt: Vendor's contact information (name, phone number, and address); Price; Species and quantity of firewood. If an error occurs, immediately contact the vendor. Should no resolution or recourse be considered, you can file a complaint with Measurement Canada. How to Clean a Wood-Burning Stove or Fireplace Source: Canva Keeping your fireplace or wood-burning stove properly maintained minimizes environmental impact and reduces the probability of a fire. Therefore, you should regularly empty the ashes, and remove dust or any other debris surrounding the appliance. If you don't want to do this, or if you have a large chimney that requires a proper sweep, consider hiring a professional! You can also check out our article Fireplace Maintenance Tips for more information on the subject matter. Cover photo: Pexels - Pixabay

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