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InsulationHow to Fix a Crawl Space Humidity Issue
Have you noticed the presence of traces of humidity in your crawl space? You're right to wince because a buildup of moisture is never good news.
Now, turn that frown upside down, because several solutions are available for you to remedy this situation. Without further ado, here they are!
It’s likely you’ve heard of the ventilation problems inherent to crawl spaces, one of the main reasons why the construction of this type of space under the house has become less and less popular. This is due to the fact that a large number of crawl spaces don’t have adequate ventilation. As a result, the moisture, which escapes from the ground in the form of water vapour and condenses, cannot be removed.
In addition, let's not forget to point out that a crawl space doesn’t offer as tight protection against water infiltration as a concrete foundation. Therefore, the risks involved are likely to be more pressing and difficult to remedy, thus contributing to an increase in the humidity level inside the crawl space.
If certain materials show signs of mould or feel damp, whenever possible, it’s recommended that you get rid of them. Obviously, it’ll be difficult to do this for the frame of your home. If the materials can be saved, remove all traces of mould from the wood, as there are several products on the market intended for this purpose. Be aware that the majority of the products available are over-the-counter and very easy to use. Just apply it to the surface of the wood, let it dry and wipe the surface with a damp cloth.
If the materials have rotted and cannot be recovered, call on the expertise of a professional to find out the steps to take to replace them, as well as more information on the costs associated with the work required to do so.
The first step in solving this annoying problem is to lay a polyethylene film on the floor, which will be able to contain any moisture that is emanating from the floor. For this installation to be effective, ensure that the vapour barrier rises to the base of the foundation. Then, make sure to seal each joint with adhesive tape suitable for attaching a vapour barrier (Tuck Tape or other similar tapes).
Another note is to make sure that any pipes passing through the crawl space aren’t leaking. Otherwise, water could collect here and there on the surface of the polyethylene and cause mould growth. Since its effectiveness as an insulation material is well established, a polyethylene vapour barrier will prevent your crawl space and all the involved materials from deteriorating as a result of moisture build-up.
In the event that the vapour barrier on its own isn’t sufficient to remedy this humidity problem in your crawl space, we’d recommend hiring a contractor to insulate your foundation walls. The application of sprayed urethane foam in the walls as well as in the rim joist (referring to the wooden element that surrounds the exterior surface of your floor) is recommended. For foundation walls, the layer thickness should be 2 inches, while a 3-inch thickness is required for the rim joist.
To carry out this insulation process, it’s recommended that you have 2 x 4 boards installed on each of the vapour barrier edges so that the barrier is able to rest on the board. Then, secure the vapour barrier to the wood. When the spray urethane foam is applied to the walls, it’ll also cover the 2x4 edging, thus sealing the space between the plank and the wall.
In cases where the vapour barrier installation and the measures previously mentioned aren’t sufficient to solve your humidity problem, note that insulating the floor is a good alternative. As explained by Écohabitation, the recommended step is to install a vapour barrier on the surface of the floor directly above the crawl space (this isn’t necessary if your floor is made of an impermeable material).
Next, you’ll need to install batt insulation between each of the joists and ensure that it remains in place using mesh or similar support. If you choose this method, be sure to insulate your water lines. As these no longer receive heat from the upper floor, it’s possible that they’ll freeze.
Another solution to try is installing a bathroom fan in the crawl space, to be used throughout the year except in summer. The purpose of this fan is to control humidity and dry out the space, and to do so it’ll need to run for 20 minutes each hour. As a result, a programmable fan is essential.
If you want to take advantage of the space offered by your crawl space to store various objects, know that it’s possible to pour a concrete slab. To do this, you need to lay styrofoam panels directly on your polyethylene vapour barrier. Then, all you have to do is pour the concrete, smooth it out and wait for the surface to dry.
Are you looking for information about the price of a crawl space excavation? Read our article on this subject!
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Last modified 2023-11-07
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