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Wall coveringsMust-Have Masonry Tools
You can’t just decide to call yourself a mason on a whim, since techniques like formwork are difficult to master, even for professionals. However, with the right masonry tools, available at hand in your toolbox, some jobs can be done independently.
Therefore, here's an overview of the most important masonry tools along with their specifications. This list of tools isn't as exhaustive as it sounds. In fact, as Jonathan Barras, of Maçonnerie Élégance, explained in an interview we did with him: "As for basic tools [trowels, hammers, etc. Ed.], it's really up to the employees to get them.”
Barras also pointed out that, "When working on new masonry, workers use tools such as trowels, tables, jointer, a level, and hammer." To lay it out differently, let's just say that every mason must have at least 9 indispensable masonry tools: trowel, float, plaster, set square, plumb bob, string line, concrete mixer, sledgehammer, and masonry chisel.
The trowel is the most iconic masonry tool. It's basically a steel blade either triangular, trapezoidal, or square in shape, fixed to a curved or profiled handle. It comes in three varieties: basic, berthelet, and brick trowel.
A basic trowel is basically a tool used to mount common bricks (round trowel), to grout bricks, and when tuckpointing (tuck pointer).
However, don't assume that the basic trowel is a specific type of trowel. In fact, it's a category that, along with the tuck pointer and the round trowel, includes the renowned Venetian plaster trowel, triangular trowel, or a hand trowel with a tapered blade. In fact, every mason needs these various trowels to perform precision work.
Triangular in shape, the berthelet trowel has two unique shapes, lengthwise. On one side, it’s bevelled and smooth, and on the other, it’s usually jagged. The toothed side can be used to remove any surplus plaster on the work surface, while the flat side is used for finishing work, especially when smoothing out the plaster.
It's the ultimate time-saver. Since it has bevelled edges, the brick trowel is ideal to cut bricks. To split the brick, simply strike each corner of the brick with the edge of the trowel, then strike it with the back of the handle.
Whenever you see a mason with a trowel in one hand, you can probably assume that they have a plastering float in the other. Keep in mind that they also have to carry the mortar. That's why they use a float. Basically, it's a flat, square-shaped tool masons slap on mortar or plaster. Often, masons use it to smooth out the plaster on the wall they're building.
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This is another tool in the plasterer’s float family, and it has a semi-hard surface that’s perfect to smooth out plaster, screed, or cement. It’s also known as a “mason’s trowel” or “pointing trowel.” Its rubber base also makes the float perfect for tiling without fear of scuffing the surface.
Different trowels should be used depending on the work at hand:
Venetian plaster trowel: To smooth out screed and plaster;
Flemish-style float: Perfect to level the ground;
Swiss plastering float: Convenient to smooth out the plaster.
The corner brace enables masons to ensure right angles. It’s one of the indispensable tools a mason can have on hand.
After the set square for right angles, there’s the plumb bob for vertical reference. Said tool is used to ensure that a wall is built straight, and is an essential masonry tool.
Together with a string line, these two instruments ensure that a wall is straight, both in terms of length and height. It's the string, or more precisely its clever setup, that makes it all possible: The string is nothing more or less than a cord pulled from an anchor point called an "eyelet." The line's perpendicularity is ensured by pulling another string across the line and attaching it to two markers. As Barras pointed out, "In masonry, to measure, you can use tools like levels, string lines [to mark, to trace, Ed.]." This speaks to its significance.
This tool is very dependent on the project's size. It's unnecessary should you be pouring a slab with a surface of less than 50 ft² (15m²), or when building interior walls. However, as soon as the work becomes substantial, you have to mix the concrete in a concrete mixer.
For interior work, an electric concrete mixer is naturally more suitable, as long as it doesn't have an exhaust. Since this device will be used for small jobs, the electric concrete mixer will work just fine.
On the other hand, a heated concrete mixer bears a much more extensive use than an electric mixer. However, its heat engine requires one to use it outdoors or indoors if the house is under construction and has yet to have doors or windows installed.
Introducing both tools at the same time, as one is used to strike the other. The club hammer falls into three categories:
Square-faced club hammer;
Rounded-face club hammer;
If the square-faced club hammer is best suited for hammering stone, and the mallet for woodworking, the rounded-face club hammer is the most efficient when working with a brick chisel. In fact, its design allows you to direct the strike force to a specific spot on the chisel. The term "masonry chisel" doesn't refer to two steel blades, but rather to a thin, flat piece of metal on top of the chisel. Its function? To cut brick, stone or concrete. If at first, it doesn't do the trick, you can add a flat chisel to your arsenal.
Also mentioned by Barras in terms of tools: “Renovation workers use a lot more tools than new masonry project workers such as saws [Arbotech Tools, Ed.] or drop-in anchors.” Along with the 9 must-have tools above-mentioned, other tools are also required, such as clamps, concrete planer, combi hammer, masonry brush, and brick jointer.
Also known as brick anchors, clamps are small, metal rods on which a metal plate slides. The mason will shove the tip of the rod into a wall and then slide the metal plate until it clamps onto a wooden board used as formwork.
Clamps are used to allow workers to plaster walls while the mortar isn’t yet dry. However, note that formwork techniques are very specific and not all masons can perform such work.
A concrete planer is essential when finishing a screed as it gives the concrete a smooth and compact finish. Sometimes referred to as a "surface planer" because of the way it works, or a "scarifier.” In fact, the concrete planer is fitted with blades attached to a single or double rotor, which will smooth over a surface.
Although it might resemble a drill, the combi hammer isn't even close to being in the same category. If you have load-bearing vibro concrete walls in your home, you've probably already burned through your drill bit without making a single dent. With a combi hammer, there’s no doubt about it, it functions by first having a piston compressing a pocket of air, which will then impact the hammer, which then activates the drill. The result: You can drill through vibro concrete, reinforced concrete, granite, hard brick, and other materials. Heavy-duty and relatively quiet, it's both electromechanical and electro-pneumatic. If one of the most expensive tools is the Arbotech saw [about $1,200, Ed.], the drill isn't far off with its $1,000 low-end price point.
This small tool is especially useful for finishing work. The masonry brush is primarily used to enhance the surface appearance of concrete or brickwork.
Behind this clear-cut name lies a very useful tool. It's essentially a metal spike that can be used to make mortar joints. Using this tool ensures that the joints are rendered waterproof.
In Quebec, masonry tools can be found in all hardware stores. Based on the essential tools we've just listed, here's a ballpark budget for masonry tools that’ll get the job done:
Concrete float: $17.50;
Plasterer’s float: $50;
Set square: $15.50;
Plumb bob: $10;
String line: $35/kit;
Concrete mixer: $500;
Club hammer: $25;
Brick chisel: $20.
All tallied up, it amounts to $686.50 for must-have masonry tools. To those, one can also add the following tools:
Concrete planer: $668.50;
Combi hammer: $1,000;
Masonry brush: $12;
Brick jointer: $14.50.
The above-listed tools will run you about $1,726. Altogether, purchasing all masonry tools will come out to about $2,212.50.
Want to know whether your project requires a mason? Check out our article When Should You Hire a Mason?
Cover photo source: Pixabay
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Last modified 2023-11-07
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