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Everything to Know About Propane Home Heating

Everything to Know About Propane Home Heating

Interior renovationsRenovation tipsEverything to Know About Propane Home Heating

Amongst all the home heating options available out here, propane heating has numerous advantages, which we’ll detail in this article.   


The 5 Advantages of Propane Home Heating

propane home heating

Source: Canva

Propane heating features some characteristics that no other home heating system has to offer. It’s clean, comfortable, safe, cost-effective, and budget-friendly.


1. Propane is a clean energy

Since we’re all affected by climate change, note that combustion produced by propane gas heating only emits two elements: water vapour and carbon dioxide (CO2). 

Although carbon dioxide contributes to the greenhouse effect, propane is, along with natural gas, the cleanest fossil fuel in terms of CO2 emissions. And, for that reason, Denis Quintal, of Entretien Universel, stated that “Propane heating is more ecological than oil-fired heating systems.”

For every one million BTUs (British Thermal Units) consumed, solely 138.63 pounds (62.88 kg) of CO2 is released into the atmosphere. For comparison purposes, oil-fired heating systems release 163.45 pounds (74.14 kg) of CO2. 

While extraction is often blamed, note that even the 2004 IPCC report advocated for the installation of gas-fired energy production units. 


2. The comforts of propane heating

Propane home heating has very noteworthy characteristics since the heat it generates allows for:

  • a decent humidity level in the air;
  • control with degree precision;
  • gentle and even heat.

In homes, dry air can cause nose bleeds, nasal congestion, respiratory issues, or even lead to the deterioration of wooden floors or furniture, so there’s no real quandary when it comes to choosing the right unit. 


3. It’s more cost-effective

Propane gas home heating systems are generally quite cost-effective due to their operational processes. In fact, these units can generate greater heat than other fuels while also functioning in intervals rather than continuously. As such, you can save energy since the system isn’t running endlessly.


4. It’s a financial gain, short and long term

Based on the size of your house, the dimensions of every room, and the number of residents living under one roof, your heating bill can be mitigated. Especially if you’re using propane as a backup heating source (portable heater), and only when needed.

Moreover, propane ensures the long-term durability of your furnace, as long as 20 years, whereas an electric heat pump should be replaced after 10-15 years of normal use.


5. Propane heating is safe

The system is installed by a professional holding a certificate of qualification in gas appliances. It’s also important to note that, as mentioned by Denis Quintal, “The majority of propane home heating system issues are a direct result of human errors.” The aforementioned expert also shared with us that we have to rely on either the CSA B-149 standard or the Manufacturer Code.

To that comes the quality of the material used. You can verify the quality of the heating system installed in your home by their certification seals and labels. 

Certificates can only be issued by accredited certification bodies such as the Canadian Standards Association (CSA), Underwriters Laboratories of Canada Inc. (ULC), or Intertek Canada.


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Types of Propane Home Heating Systems

propane boiler heating

Source: Canva

Boilers, much like furnaces, are atmospheric burners. Fireplaces and wood-burning stoves are classified as forced-draft power burners.

Fireplaces and wood-burning stoves are rarely used to heat a residence, unlike boilers and furnaces.

The benefit of using a boiler is its noiseless nature. However, it takes a rather lengthy period for it to reach its ideal temperature. On the other hand, furnaces are loud, yet they heat rapidly and guarantee optimal ambient comfort. 

When it comes to a wall-mounted system, note that there are sealed combustion appliances with remote-controlled or analog thermostats. Quintal advised choosing BTUs based on the square footage you need to heat. He went on to state that wall fan heaters evenly distribute the warmth from below to cover larger areas, while a fanless model allows the heat to rise throughout the room. These units are rather decent and range from $900 to $2,000.


Propane Boilers

There are two types of propane boilers:

  • condensing boilers;
  • low-temperature boilers.

The first one has a 105% yield, while the second one has a yield of 95%. These boilers are connected to hot water pipes. Moreover, low-temperature boilers are designed for underfloor heating.


Heated Floors

Underfloor heating is a prime heating example:

  • doesn’t create dust;
  • doesn’t take up space;
  • generates heat evenly.

Naturally, in any room, warm air rises. As such, the advantage of heated floors is that it guarantees an even room temperature, from top to bottom. 


Hot Water Heating

This system is often paired with underfloor heating. Why’s that? Well, because if there are a lot of back-and-forths, just like when your kids come and go, non-stop, from your house, underfloor heating alone may not be sufficient to keep the main room warm.

The above-mentioned is the reason why you can also install a hot water heating system in whichever room is most exposed to cold drafts (main entryway or hallways connecting the garage to the main house). 


Warm Air Heating

Also known as a unit heater, warm air heating is best installed on the ceiling of a garage, greenhouse, warehouse, or farm.

The warmth will then spread throughout the area via convection, which is created between the heated unit and the air. A fan enhances the convection coefficient.


Prices and Features of Propane Home Heating Units

portable propane heater

Source: Canva

Radiant propane heater

This is an infrared tube heater. A burner ignites a flame in the tube. Then, a fan pushes the warm air into the ductwork and a deflector directs it to the area that needs to be heated. This system can produce up to 30,000 BTUs to heat up a 500 sq. ft. space (46m²). Don’t use such a system in bathrooms, bedrooms, or in a vehicle.

Model: Mr. Heater - $995.95

Portable propane heater

This is an added bonus for any outdoor work, for your garage, workshop, or deck even. Benefit from a portable heater to keep warm. The 18,000 BTU Mr. Heater brand unit weighs 10 kg and has a 9 kg gas cylinder for the low price of $229. For outdoor use only. 

Garage and chalet heater

Are you looking for a furnace that heats your entire chalet or garage? With 55,000 BTU, a propane furnace is the heating unit you need. 

Price: $2,503

RV propane heater

Campers and recreational vehicles are, most often, heated with a propane gas furnace. This heater system is connected to a 12V power source that powers a fan which distributes warm air throughout the enclosure. 

Olympian Wave-3 catalytic heater: $289.99

Get 3 renovation quotes for your propane home heating system installation can help you get quotes for your air conditioning and heating project. If you submit your project, we’ll put you in contact with top-rated contractors. Fill in the form on the homepage (it only takes a few minutes), and you will get estimates from trusted professionals. 

Dial 1-844 828-1588 to speak with one of our customer service representatives.

Last modified 2023-05-06

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Cynthia Laferrière 08 Dec 2022

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Are you planning on installing a fireplace or wood-burning stove as a way of heating your home this winter? Perhaps you're worried about power outages and want an alternative source of heat in the event of a blackout. Or maybe you've just been dreaming of romantic getaways at the chalet, bundled up in front of the open flames, hot chocolate in hand… No matter your motivation, there's no denying that the comfort, style, and ambiance created by these appliances are sure to win over any homeowner. So, if you're willing to commit financially to installing such a heating system, of carefully maintaining it, and stacking the firewood, go ahead, and keep scrolling! Factors to Consider When Heating with Firewood Source: Pexels - Pixabay Regulations Respecting Firewood Appliances Residential wood-burning appliances sometimes undermine values and generate environmental concerns, which is why it's important that your appliance meets current environmental standards. 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Cynthia Laferrière 02 Dec 2022

Electricity-Free Ways to Heat Your House

There are many reasons why you might want to consider using methods other than heat pumps, baseboard heaters, or electric furnaces to warm up your home: winter’s afoot and you're already dreading the fact that your Hydro bills are going to skyrocket; your home has a number of back rooms that aren't properly heated by a central heating system; you live in an area that’s prone to power outages, high winds, and freezing rain. Perhaps the time has come to change your heating appliances and you still haven't decided on what type of system to replace them with, or you'd simply like to embrace an eco-friendly, energy-self-sufficient lifestyle… Bottom line, we could go on and on with this list, but instead, let's fast forward to the highlights of this article to outline the electricity-free heating options you have. To maintain a comfortable living environment and limit material damage throughout the winter months, you should make use of a heating system. 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Wood-burning stoves are manufactured in varying sizes and shapes and cost between $600 to $2,000 depending on the power required. Depending on the size of the stove, the price can go up to $2,000 if you don't have a chimney. All surrounding materials, such as the walls, must be fireproofed if they aren't already. Source: Tyler Karaszewski - Flickr Furnaces & Boilers In Quebec, there's now a ban on installing oil-fired furnaces in newly built homes. Gas furnaces will also be prohibited by the summer of 2023. These furnaces don't meet environmental standards at all. Natural gas condensing boilers are more effective and discreet, and overall less harmful to the environment. To maximize their efficiency, they have to be connected to a hot water supply. However, the drawbacks of this type of boiler (fires, fumes, maintenance, etc.) don't necessarily translate into making it a preferred choice. Therefore, it's best to opt for an EPA-approved model that runs on wood (logs or pellets). 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While most brands do emit fewer pollutants, their manufacturing process negates these benefits. Keep to a very limited use. Fuel: Pellets These small, cylindrical bits of wood, about the same size as the tip of your pinky finger, are made of compressed sawdust and emit fewer articles than logs. You can easily find a 40-pound bag in any home hardware store like Réno-Dépôt or Canadian Tire for anywhere between $6 to $20. Consider buying in bulk from a supplier if you plan on using a lot over an extended period of time. Again, look at where your wood pellets are from; it isn't a carbon-neutral or eco-friendly approach if the pellets are shipped from thousands of miles away using diesel fuel transportation. Source: samuelemunemu32 - Flickr Few Tips to Keep You Warm Adequate wall, window, and door insulation; Thick, thermal insulated curtains; Floorings such as carpets and heated floors; Allow sunlight in during the day; Shut doors to unoccupied rooms; Open windows now and again to let the humidity out; Build a passive solar home. Cover image source: Gerd Altmann - Pixabay

9 min read 28 Jun 2023

How to Choose an Eco-Friendly Fireplace

In many Canadian regions, fireplaces become the heart of the home for 3 out of the 4 seasons. The wood crackling in the hearth, the comforting smell of burning wood, and the cozy ambience of the room—whether we consciously acknowledge it or not—all contribute to a fireplace's undeniable charm. While environmental problems have led government and municipal authorities to issue legislation regarding the use of fireplaces, as citizens, we may also have to question our choices. Fortunately for us, there are eco-friendly options that rival—both in terms of beauty and comfort—traditional wood-burning fireplaces. Whether it’s electric, gas, propane gas, pellet, etc., the options aren’t lacking. Thus, when considering purchasing a more eco-friendly fireplace, it’s best to carefully weigh the various options available. After all, not everything can be taken at face value. Let’s delve, full fire, into a red-hot topic. Characteristics of an Eco-Friendly, Indoor Fireplace Source: Canva An eco-friendly fireplace isn’t too harmful to the environment. It boasts clean combustion and increased energy efficiency, effectively heating a dwelling to desired temperatures. In a nutshell, it’ll meet your needs and wants, without having a negative impact on the environment. Let’s put this out in the open right away: Finding a product that has zero environmental impact is especially challenging. Direct environmental damage results from a direct interaction between a product and the environment, for example, fireplace emissions. Indirect environmental damage isn’t a product-related hazard, although they may be linked. Therefore, when a fireplace is deemed eco-friendly, it, however, doesn’t exclude the fact that it can be the root cause of indirect environmental damage. That said, one can significantly reduce their ecological footprint by making smart choices. Over the last few years, Natural Resources Canada, invested in research with the purpose of mitigating pollution and improving appliance energy efficiency. The result: Most fireplaces manufactured after 1990 are both more energy efficient and eco-friendly than their predecessors. Are you looking for heating and air conditioning experts? Fill in our form to be connected with top-rated contractors! Eco-Friendly Benefits of Fireplaces Source: Canva While some fireplaces are considered more eco-friendly compared to others, note that even a wood-burning fireplace can show the planet some mercy. Here are the benefits associated with eco-friendly fireplaces. Ethanol fireplace An ethanol fireplace is supplied by a biofuel known as ethanol, which is mainly derived from corn and sugarcane. The main advantage of this type of fireplace is that it can be easily inserted into the opening of an existing wood-burning fireplace. Rather eco-friendly aside from the energy required to produce biofuel, it doesn’t emit any fumes. Its combustion is clean and practically odourless. From an aesthetic point of view, the latter creates a cozy atmosphere while still giving off a stylish and modern look. Retailed at varied costs (from $300 to $13,000), it’s the best option for those looking to benefit from the cozy vibe but not necessarily a portable heater. Electric fireplace An electric heater is both ecological and safe and doesn’t consume fuel. It doesn’t emit any harmful particles, therefore, it doesn’t require a chimney installation or an exhaust duct. Basically, the flame-like visual is the product of the subtle use of light on mirror-like surfaces. It runs without the need for an electrical outlet. You can set it up yourself, move it from one room to another at will, and use it in an apartment building in which wood-burning or gas fireplaces aren’t authorized. The energy produced doesn’t measure up to that of wood-burning or gas fireplaces but can suffice in terms of heating a 10 by 10 room. And, since it can run without emitting heat, one can benefit from its cozy setting 365 days a year! Not only is it ecological, but this type of fireplace is economical; six hours of use barely costs a dollar. However, its main downside is that, without a generator, it can't double as a portable heater during a power outage. Pellet stove A pellet stove is supplied by small pellets made from compressed sawdust, wood shavings, agricultural waste, and other organic materials. It’s very energy efficient, without so much as contributing to atmospheric pollution. Once the tank is full, it can run for 12 to 24 hours, thereby converting up to 80% of the fuel into heat. A house that’s under 1,500 square feet can thus be heated with the use of a single boiler. For a bigger home, we recommend a larger biomass boiler that’s connected to the water heater or radiators. Since pellet stoves cleanly burn renewable resources, it makes for an eco-friendly choice. In fact, the CO2 released into the atmosphere during the combustion process is equivalent to what’s absorbed by plants during their growth period, meaning the environmental balance is maintained. Gas fireplace A gas fireplace can be supplied with artificial firelogs for the purpose of mimicking real firewood. While it does burn fossil fuels, it releases fewer harmful emissions and still generates comfortable heat. However, it’s the cleanest fuel one can burn. Its rate of greenhouse gas or particle emissions remains one of the lowest. There are three options available, whether it’s gas or propane gas: A gas fireplace insert, which is designed to fit directly into the opening of an existing wood-burning fireplace; Zero-clearance gas fireplace, which can be installed on an indoor or outdoor wall; Standalone fireplace, which looks exactly fire a wood-burning fireplace, meaning it can be admired on all sides and is the most energy-efficient option. If the house in question is already fitted with a natural gas distribution system, the fireplace will be supplied using the same source as other appliances. Otherwise, the fireplace can be connected to a propane tank located outside, which will require occasional fillings. PRO TIP: Prior to purchasing, request to see the flames, as not all models have realistic, nice-looking flames. Wood-burning fireplace While not long ago, the wood-burning fireplace was presented as the worst option, the industry has come a long way, making eco-friendly innovations over the last few years. 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Pollution and greenhouse gases produced during combustion can be harmful to the environment. As a result, one can conclude that ventless fireplaces have an eco-friendly advantage over those that require a chimney or vents, or at the very least, in terms of direct repercussions. Here are 4 types of ventless fireplaces: Propane or natural gas fireplace More and more homeowners are favouring this type of fireplace that can be installed practically everywhere since it doesn’t require a chimney. It only requires an exhaust duct or a vent used to exhaust the gas combustion outside. Electric fireplace The electric fireplace doesn’t require an exhaust system. It doesn’t burn fuel and doesn’t generate smoke. Ethanol fireplace This type of fireplace generates clean combustion. Albeit it doesn’t need an exhaust duct, it still releases a subtle odour. Some experts suggest planning ahead for outward ventilation. Gel fuel fireplace Although it isn’t really sought-after, the gel fuel fireplace is slowly breaking ground in Quebec. It’s a worthwhile option for those who have a chimneyless home. While some models are rather decently sized and have a mantel (like the real deal!), smaller-sized models can be easily positioned atop furniture. Its fuel is non-polluting—it’s a thickened isopropyl alcohol to which sea salt is added to obtain a pleasant fire-like crackling sound. While its gel-fueled logs are still hard to find in stores, it’s still a wise choice for those who live in an area where air quality restrictions are rather strict. Which fireplace is really the least pollutant? Source: Canva When purchasing an eco-friendly fireplace, one has to consider the direct environmental impacts, as well as indirect impacts. As the most eco-friendly solution is the least damaging to the environment as a whole, consider not only what the fireplace releases into the air, but also what it uses to run (where the fuel comes from, electricity supply) and what's required to manufacture the device. For example, an ethanol fireplace may seem like the best option because of its minimal direct impact, yet the pollution involved in its manufacturing process must also be taken into account. Given all these factors, an electric fireplace stands out as the most environmentally-friendly choice on the market. It produces zero toxic fumes or greenhouse gas emissions. It requires no fuel, and 100% of its energy is converted into heat. Moreover, while it can't heat the whole house, it releases a significant amount of heat and can cut your heating costs by 20 to 40%. In terms of the indirect environmental impact associated with an electric fireplace, hydroelectricity is the preferred ecological option in the province of Quebec. However, if you live in a province where electricity is coal-fired, such as Alberta, Saskatchewan, or in the Maritimes, you might want to rethink that option. Cost of ​​Eco-Friendly Outdoor Fireplace Logs Source: Canva While a lot of people benefit from outdoor fireplaces six months out of the year, true, hard-core fans never seem to take a break. Eco-friendly firewood is naturally a good alternative to real firewood logs. The former is 100% natural and made from hardwood sawdust and is devoid of chemical products and additives. They're high-density logs that burn longer, meaning you don't have to keep feeding the fire. Plus, they produce a pretty flame and release up to 30% more heat. Since they’re retailed in most stores, you can buy as you go and don’t need to stock up and have a dedicated storage area. One can purchase a 6-log bag for $4.39 only. A pallet (72 bags or 576 logs) costs roughly $475. Worth a try: The buchandel (a combination of the French words for log and candle) as it’s known in Quebec—literally taking an eco-friendly log and lighting its tip to create a candle-like effect. Its high-burning flame generates tremendous heat, and it's easy to light, smoke-free and burns for over an hour.

5 min read 01 Jun 2023

Optimize Your Storage System with a Garage Cabinet

Have you finally decided to organize your garage and store away the tools that have just been piling up everywhere? Are you looking for the best storage system? If so, go for a garage storage cabinet! It’s a functional, utility cabinet that allows you to organize and secure your tools and other items. Learn more about the various types of garage storage cabinets, their features, and their advantages down below! The Different Features of Garage Storage Cabinets Source: Canva A garage storage cabinet can be used to store various tools and equipment such as: Cleaning products; Gardening tools; Old paint cans; Sharp objects; Hazardous products. Therefore, such a storage cabinet will allow you to store cumbersome materials to gain more space and conceptualize your workspace. That way, you’ll know exactly where your stuff is, which will save you time and render your chore process more efficient. There are several types of garage storage cabinets on the market: Metal cabinets A metal storage cabinet is better suited to humid and dusty environments than wood cabinets and is a great option for a garage storage system. It’s also lighter and easier to put together. Furthermore, it’s fitted with a lock and key, which comes in handy to secure hazardous materials. Plastic cabinets Plastic garage storage cabinets are very sought-after for their lightweight feature, which means they can be easily moved from one corner of the garage to another. They’re also low-maintenance. Some models are modular, while others have hooks to easily hang a mop, bucket, or garden hose. Rolling cabinets Storage cabinets on wheels are available in a wide range of sizes and styles. They’re a practical and versatile garage storage solution. It’s the perfect model for you if you plan on moving it often or regularly rethinking the layout of your garage. Wood cabinets Wood utility cabinets are liked for their clean and simple design, they last a long time and are low maintenance. It’s the perfect storage option to store heavy equipment. Are you looking for general contractors for your renovation project? Fill in our form to be connected with top-rated contractors! The Benefits of a Garage Storage Cabinet Source: Canva Garage utility cabinets are multi-faceted storage systems: Space gain Garage cabinets are useful to efficiently store and organize tools, household products, cleaning products, and other items that can clutter a space. It offers a significant space gain in an area with limited storage options. You can even pair numerous cabinet models together to better meet your needs. Garage utility cabinets can also be used to store clothes and other household items. Resistant These furniture pieces designed for garage use are able to withstand heavy loads. They’re more resistant and robust than traditional home storage solutions. Some shelving units can withstand up to 50 kg. What’s more, garage utility cabinets are made with durable, low-maintenance materials. They’re designed to facilitate cleaning and maintenance. Modular design Some garage storage cabinets are equipped with adjustable shelving. This design allows you to reposition the shelves at various heights based on the objects you want to store and change their positioning at will. Safe space Garage storage cabinets are ideal for storing fragile or hazardous items. They’re typically designed with two hinged doors and a lock and key system. Therefore, you’ll be able to keep out of reach from kids any sharp or dangerous objects. Tall, Low, and Wall-Mounted Cabinets Source: Canva There are numerous types of garage storage cabinets; all models differ from one another. Whether it’s a tall, low, or wall-mounted cabinet, you should choose the format that best suits your space and meets your storage needs. Tall garage cabinets have a big storage capacity and take up very little floor space. As for low garage cabinets, these aren’t especially cumbersome and their flat surface can be used as a workspace to carry out minor handiwork or store small items. You can also mount a pegboard above it to have your tools ready and available at arm’s length. And, as for wall-mounted garage utility cabinets, these are ideal if you have very little floor space. They’re affixed to a wall, which protects your belongings from damage and certain parasites. Pro tip: To select the storage system that’s best suited to your garage, you should first determine which items you want to store to figure out the best height and storage capacity needed. You should also consider some factors such as the cabinet’s sturdiness, whether it has different compartments and the width of the shelving. A Few Examples of Garage Storage Cabinets Source: Canva Garage utility cabinets are retailed in big hardware stores and online, via manufacturer websites. The most common colours are grey, beige, and black. You’ll also find colours like apple green, lemon yellow, and vermilion red. Red, 28” Craftsman storage wall cabinet: $200 Steel grey Proslat Elite base cabinet: $400 Steel grey Proslat Elite tall cabinet: $480 Black Prepac Hungups wood composite cabinet: $1,706

12 min read 12 Dec 2022

Everything About a Hot Water Heating System

Hot water heating systems are an integral part of our heritage and are still found and efficiently used in most centennial houses in Quebec. The main reason they’re not as common nowadays is that installation costs are steeper than that of other heating systems, which makes some homeowners reluctant. In older buildings, it’s rather tempting to opt for electric baseboard heaters. However, if you’ve already got this type of heating system installed, consider all your options before making a final decision. And for those who're looking for an efficient system to improve the overall level of comfort in their home, hot water heating may be the best choice for years to come. Hot water heating has proved itself over the years and is still improving. The process is far from archaic - in fact, newer systems are more than 90% efficient. Using hot water is by far the best way to distribute heat in a residential property. Hot water heating is convenient, durable, noiseless, economical, clean, and eco-friendly, despite it being older than Grandma. This system is both cozy and tireless and can be modernized to meet the needs of new generations. How Does Hot Water Heating Work? Source: Canva Hot water heating allows you to heat a dwelling by means of a boiler that sends heated water to your heating units (radiators, baseboard heaters, floor heating, etc.). While its use is relatively simple, the benefits are invaluable! This type of system is supplied by a heat-transfer fluid, basically, water, which will increase the temperature of the electric boiler, powered by either natural gas, propane, or oil. How does the water circulate? The hot water boiler is connected to the various heating appliances by a piping system, and one or more circulators feed hot water through the house directly into radiators, convectors, baseboard heaters, or underfloor heating systems. Thus, providing the entire home with a comfortable warmth. The pipes running between the boiler and the radiators enable hot water to circulate, thereby releasing a gentle, even heat. Note that the water in these pipes stays hot for a long time. During the January 1998 North American ice storm, some radiators remained hot and efficient despite a two-day power outage. When the water cools down, it's pumped back into the boiler to be reheated, or done so merely by gravity (the boiler is usually located in a basement), and the cycle repeats itself. Now, installation requires a double-acting hydraulic cylinder, one to deliver water to the heating appliances, and the other used to return the water to the heat generator. It’s a closed circuit, so it’s always the same water that circulates. Heating Unlike Any Other Rather than heating the room itself, the hydronic system heats the objects using radiation, resulting in a more constant flow compared to a forced air system. As the water circulates through the pipes, it’ll first heat the walls of the units using convection. Then, the heat will flow through the metal structure by way of conduction. Finally, the warm air will diffuse by radiation, just like the sun's rays warm floors, walls, furniture, and even the individuals in a room. The majority of the energy will be dispersed as such. Designed to provide maximum efficiency as well as even heat, various radiators are equipped with numerous fins, tubes or blades. The "accordion" shape, a tribute to its predecessor, is still very much present in today's systems since it significantly increases the heat exchange areas. Small- and Large-Scale Heating Contrary to popular belief, hydronic heating can be installed in all types of buildings, whether it be a residential home, a multi-housing unit, a commercial space, or an industrial building. With individual heating, a boiler supplies heat to all the rooms in the house or apartment. With collective heating, the boiler distributes heat to all the apartments within a complex. This approach can be developed on a large scale, as there are also heat networks for districts or cities. Beneficial Features of Hydronic Heating Source: Canva When the winter cold hits, we tend to give in to the idea of using one of the most efficient heating systems, with numerous advantages. If you want to benefit from uniform ambient heat throughout your home, hot water heating is definitely the way to go! Uniform Heating Solution for Maximum Comfort As opposed to an electric heating system, or other various appliances that diffuse heat independently, a centralized hot water heating system functions around a closed circuit to provide constant and uniform warmth in every room. Since it heats objects (floors, walls, furniture, etc.) rather than the ambient air, this unique system eliminates hot, dry drafts, and the discomfort of low or high levels of humidity, as well as temperature variations. Instead, heat is released gradually, where and when it's needed, to ensure unparalleled thermal comfort. Also, it should be noted that the temperature of the water flowing through the pipes isn’t sufficiently warm to cause burns from touching the radiators and other appliances. Clean Air for a Healthier Home As previously mentioned, a hot water heating system doesn’t cause air displacement. It heats up mass rather than ambient air and doesn’t contribute to dust, pollutants, and allergens moving through the home, as do forced-air central heating systems and older ventilation systems. Therefore, this makes it a great option for anyone suffering from allergies or chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma, sleep apnea, or others. An Eco-Friendly System Not only is a hot water heating a safe option for residents, but it's also an eco-friendly option. Given that it uses the same water supply as it circulates in the pipes, this clever system proves to be very green. After all, water is a renewable but precious resource. A hot water system works in such a way that its supply can be recycled over and over again, thereby avoiding wasting the planet's resources. As a bonus, the hot water heating system is both clean and eco-friendly, as it doesn’t release greenhouse gas emissions or pollutants into the atmosphere while in operation. Noiseless Performance One other advantage that makes hot water heating worth mentioning is that it makes virtually no noise. If properly calibrated, it's very quiet, if not inaudible, and provides a pleasant tranquillity. Cost-Efficient System Compared to other heating systems, installing a hot water system may sound expensive. However, compared to a traditional electric baseboard heating system, the costs associated with its use are lower, making it a long-term money-saver. Hydronic heating evenly distributes and regulates the heat in the home. Simply maintaining the temperature with zero fluctuation reduces household energy consumption. This translates into big financial savings on utility bills. To sum it up, regardless of the fact that it's remarkably durable, it's an excellent investment, since hot water heating is more cost-effective than the most popular heating systems. The Outstanding Effectiveness of Hot Water Heating Source: Canva While hot water heating systems are highly durable, a boiler's age speaks volumes about its efficiency. While an old oil boiler can convert 60% of the energy found in its fuel into heat, electric boilers are much more efficient, with 100% efficiency. Gas boiler efficiency varies between 80% and 95%. To improve efficiency, besides changing your old boiler, you can retrofit your hot water heating system with an "indoor/outdoor" temperature controller, no matter how old it is. The controller monitors both indoor and outdoor temperatures to determine the ideal setting. This allows you to maintain a constant temperature, and save a lot of money compared to systems that overheat before shutting down. Minimal Maintenance Hot water heating systems have stood the test of time. If properly maintained, their operational life can easily exceed fifty or sixty years. Besides preserving the thermal comfort in your home, annual maintenance ensures the durability of your heating system. It's a simple and rarely expensive routine that can prevent many concerns. Boiler and overall system cleaning and maintenance should be done by a professional technician. Below are the most important maintenance tasks to ensure the efficient performance of the hot water system: Make sure that the water level is set at an optimal level and that the air trapped in the pipes is cleared (oxygen contributes to the corrosion of some steel pipes and hinders the water flow); Clean the combustion chamber to ensure the necessary amount of heat is produced for the system to properly function; Ensure that the water pressure is good and constant; If needed, lubricate the water pump for a good water flow; Analyze the contamination level of the water and replace it if necessary; For oil and gas boilers, check whether the boiler is burning properly and if it’s safely vented (electric boilers require very little maintenance). Lastly, professionals recommend bleeding your heating system once a year by withdrawing two to three cups of water, to avoid damaging the pipes. Be careful! Are parts of the boiler or pipes running hot? This could be a sign that there's an insulation problem, and thus a heat loss issue. Are the pumps or valves leaking? Rapidly ensuring that the pipes are watertight is super important. Wall leaks are not common since the main connection points are near the appliances and boiler. However, water leaks under the appliances can damage floors and even the building’s structure and cause utility bills to skyrocket. A Good Pipe A hot water heating system is made up of galvanized steel pipes (or copper pipes for older models) that absolutely need to be maintained. The two main problems are pipe scaling and corrosion. Scaling is the result of waste matter found in drinking water, especially when it contains a lot of limescale. When heat and pressure are applied, scale tends to crystallize on the metal walls of the pipe. As a result, water flow rates are reduced and heat transfer is delayed, causing energy consumption to increase by as much as 40%. In the worst cases, the piping can occasionally rupture. Unfortunately, corrosion stems from the fact that the majority of pipes used today are made of galvanized steel. If not insulated, they're prone to corrosion in unheated areas of the home. Are you looking for experts for your air conditioning or heating project? Fill in this form to be connected with top-rated contractors! Different Hot Water Heating Systems Source: Canva If the oil boiler is on the verge of extinction, the hydronic electric heating system is the perfect alternative due to its excellent efficiency and because it requires very little maintenance. On the other hand, gas boilers maintain their title as the most economic and eco-friendly option. Provided the boiler is large enough, hot water offers quite an array of possibilities: Enjoy hot water for various household needs and tasks, easily heat an add-on room, veranda, or sunroom, or simply add a heated floor or a towel warmer, or heat your pool water... Basically, let your imagination run free! These features are obviously broken down into different options. To make the right choice, it's best to know how to distinguish the various characteristics and features. Types of Power Supplies The main methods of powering hot water heating systems are fuel (wood or gas) and electricity. Note that hybrid or dual-energy boilers enable the use of two energies during very cold spells, which allows you to benefit from favourable rates from Hydro-Québec. Electric boilers are easy to install, neat and compact, thus making them ideal in residential homes and commercial spaces. They're always reliable and efficient and have a virtually unrestricted lifespan. Natural gas boilers are amongst the most energy-efficient heating appliances on the market. On top of that, they produce very little pollution. And, yearly maintenance guarantees their efficiency over the years. Types of Systems To create a water flow, two types of hot water systems are used: gravity-fed and forced water systems. Gravity-fed system Gravity-fed systems don't rely on a pump to function properly. Due to the ingenuity of this system, water flows through the house to heat the various rooms, before it's heated again. This is accomplished by exploiting the difference in density between the supply water and the return water. When water is heated, it expands and its density drops. In turn, it causes water to rise in the pipes. The energy is then distributed to the various units of a room by means of baseboard heaters and other devices, thereby lowering the temperature of the water. As it cools, the water contracts causing its density to increase. It then naturally plunges towards the boiler to allow the cycle to repeat itself. Having an expansion tank means you can safely manage the increasing volume of the water once it’s been heated. Since the driving force of gravity-fed systems isn’t as strong as that of forced air systems, it’s offset by the larger piping. There's a growing trend towards replacing the gravity-fed system with the forced air system. Although efforts have been made to overcome the slower driving force through larger pipe sizes, the water flow remains slower and the temperature fluctuations between heating cycles are still noticeable. This type of system also negates the possibility of using the basement, unless you aren't bothered by cold floors. In fact, since the hot water is less dense, it automatically rises above the level of the boiler and prevents the temperature from being evenly distributed. Forced air heating system Forced air heating units use a pump system to maintain water flow. They're grouped into four distinct categories based on their individual piping. Loop system A unique pipe runs through the building to supply all the heating appliances (radiators, baseboard heaters, convectors, etc.). The hot water needs to flow through each radiator, thus losing its heat according to the power of the appliance it feeds, before returning to the boiler. While this system is limited in capacity, it's relatively inexpensive to install and duct insulation becomes unnecessary because the piping is located near the floor. However, it's impossible to regulate the temperature of one unit without affecting the others. Loop systems are most often used in small buildings or as a sub-circuit of a larger system. One-pipe system With this system, every heating appliance is linked to one main piping supply. As opposed to the loop system, each heating unit can be regulated by means of a control valve. Two-pipe direct return system This type of system has two separate piping networks. The first one allows hot water to flow toward heating units. Once the water has cooled down, the second pipe draws the water back to the boiler to reheat it. However, it requires each unit to have a control valve, which makes it difficult to regulate. Two-pipe reverse return system This system is similar to the previous one, but the return flow is via an additional pipe. The cooled water, therefore, returns directly to the boiler along the supply pipe. However, it's easier to balance, allowing each individual unit to be supplied with water at the same temperature. Whether you're in the middle of a renovation project or looking to cut back on your utility bills, choosing your heating system carefully is key. After all, you can get a high-performance system that offers maximum comfort at a reasonable cost!

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