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Renovation tradesThe Role of a Building Engineer
In general, we all know that a building engineer takes on essential tasks for a construction site to run smoothly. However, the scope of their role is much broader and proves their ability to intervene at all stages of a large-scale renovation project.
Thus, it can certainly be said that the importance of the building engineer’s role is matched only by the breadth of his skills. But can we define the role of a building engineer more precisely?
When hired for a project, a building engineer will begin by assessing the general parameters of the job. Thus, they’ll become aware of the specifications, which give a portrait of the project, the framework in which it fits as well as the constraints that weigh on it.
While these constraints often relate to the environment and budget, they also concern insulation, ventilation, heating and all additional devices involved in the structure’s operation. Following its establishment, the new Quebec Construction Code (2012) imposed more rigorous standards concerning these last two aspects mentioned. If you want more information about the rules and regulations in Canada, check out your local building code.
Based on the submitted project proposal and in order to be able to comment on its feasibility, the engineer will carry out research prior to construction. In addition, they’re in charge of pre-dimensioning the various elements of the building, to then confirm these dimensions in the second instance.
This will determine if the techniques used in the execution of the different project phases are adequate or whether they need to be modified to better meet construction requirements. To do this, building engineers use design software to create mock-ups.
Throughout the process, the building engineer will guide their decisions and recommendations according to the highest possible project standards. More precisely, this implies minimizing the energy consumption and environmental impacts generated by the project’s implementation.
Moreover, this concern extends into energy efficiency as well as the economic performance of the building once it’s completed. Therefore, it’s possible to say that the resource economy is a determining factor in the decision-making process of the building engineer.
As the budget devoted to a construction project is rarely unlimited, the building engineer is in charge of establishing the means required to avoid cost overruns in place. In certain cases, they may need to find alternatives to reduce the financial burden imposed by certain project phases.
While money is generally one of the biggest constraints when managing a construction project, time is another issue. In this regard, it should be said that establishing the schedule and respecting it are further responsibilities of the building engineer.
When it comes to planning the timeline, a multitude of factors must be taken into account. These include the time required to obtain the necessary financing, the potential difficulties posed by the season when the work will take place, as well as the problems that may arise during critical phases.
Far from being exhaustive, this list offers a brief overview of the range of factors a building engineer must consider when developing a timeline.
While the building engineer’s involvement begins with the design stage, the design continues on the construction site. Indeed, the building engineer oversees the worksite and the various players who are involved, while keeping an eye on the work’s progress as well as on the way it’s carried out.
If necessary, they’ll ask that certain tasks be repeated or that corrections are made in order to respect quality standards or to optimize installation and overall performance.
During any construction project, it’s mandatory to submit authorization and permit applications. This is a requirement imposed by the new Quebec Construction Code that we previously discussed (check with your province for specific requirements if you are living elsewhere in Canada). This task adds to the already long list of those that the engineer must accomplish. Note that they monitor how requests initially are processed.
The building engineer is able to intervene as much in the residential sector as in the commercial, industrial or institutional sectors. Their skills are put to use in projects that concern not only the construction but also the expansion and renovation of existing structures. In addition, they can participate in the construction of indoor or outdoor parking lots.
In addition, they have a decisive role in the protection of cultural heritage because of their ability to restore or maintain the condition of buildings that could otherwise sink into dilapidation.
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Last modified 2023-06-19
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SoumissionRenovation.ca • 30 Nov 2022
You can’t just decide to call yourself a mason on a whim, since techniques like formwork are difficult to master, even for professionals. However, with the right masonry tools, available at hand in your toolbox, some jobs can be done independently. Therefore, here's an overview of the most important masonry tools along with their specifications. This list of tools isn't as exhaustive as it sounds. In fact, as Jonathan Barras, of Maçonnerie Élégance, explained in an interview we did with him: "As for basic tools [trowels, hammers, etc. Ed.], it's really up to the employees to get them.” Most Common Tools Used by Masons Barras also pointed out that, "When working on new masonry, workers use tools such as trowels, tables, jointer, a level, and hammer." To lay it out differently, let's just say that every mason must have at least 9 indispensable masonry tools: trowel, float, plaster, set square, plumb bob, string line, concrete mixer, sledgehammer, and masonry chisel. Trowel Source: Pixabay The trowel is the most iconic masonry tool. It's basically a steel blade either triangular, trapezoidal, or square in shape, fixed to a curved or profiled handle. It comes in three varieties: basic, berthelet, and brick trowel. Basic trowel A basic trowel is basically a tool used to mount common bricks (round trowel), to grout bricks, and when tuckpointing (tuck pointer). However, don't assume that the basic trowel is a specific type of trowel. In fact, it's a category that, along with the tuck pointer and the round trowel, includes the renowned Venetian plaster trowel, triangular trowel, or a hand trowel with a tapered blade. In fact, every mason needs these various trowels to perform precision work. Berthelet trowel Triangular in shape, the berthelet trowel has two unique shapes, lengthwise. On one side, it’s bevelled and smooth, and on the other, it’s usually jagged. The toothed side can be used to remove any surplus plaster on the work surface, while the flat side is used for finishing work, especially when smoothing out the plaster. Brick trowel It's the ultimate time-saver. Since it has bevelled edges, the brick trowel is ideal to cut bricks. To split the brick, simply strike each corner of the brick with the edge of the trowel, then strike it with the back of the handle. Plastering float Whenever you see a mason with a trowel in one hand, you can probably assume that they have a plastering float in the other. Keep in mind that they also have to carry the mortar. That's why they use a float. Basically, it's a flat, square-shaped tool masons slap on mortar or plaster. Often, masons use it to smooth out the plaster on the wall they're building. Are you looking for experts for your masonry project? Fill in this form to be connected with top-rated contractors! Plastering trowel This is another tool in the plasterer’s float family, and it has a semi-hard surface that’s perfect to smooth out plaster, screed, or cement. It’s also known as a “mason’s trowel” or “pointing trowel.” Its rubber base also makes the float perfect for tiling without fear of scuffing the surface. Different trowels should be used depending on the work at hand: Venetian plaster trowel: To smooth out screed and plaster; Flemish-style float: Perfect to level the ground; Swiss plastering float: Convenient to smooth out the plaster. Steel corner brace The corner brace enables masons to ensure right angles. It’s one of the indispensable tools a mason can have on hand. Brass plumb bob and string line After the set square for right angles, there’s the plumb bob for vertical reference. Said tool is used to ensure that a wall is built straight, and is an essential masonry tool. Together with a string line, these two instruments ensure that a wall is straight, both in terms of length and height. It's the string, or more precisely its clever setup, that makes it all possible: The string is nothing more or less than a cord pulled from an anchor point called an "eyelet." The line's perpendicularity is ensured by pulling another string across the line and attaching it to two markers. As Barras pointed out, "In masonry, to measure, you can use tools like levels, string lines [to mark, to trace, Ed.]." This speaks to its significance. Concrete mixer Source: Pixabay This tool is very dependent on the project's size. It's unnecessary should you be pouring a slab with a surface of less than 50 ft² (15m²), or when building interior walls. However, as soon as the work becomes substantial, you have to mix the concrete in a concrete mixer. Electric or heated concrete mixer? For interior work, an electric concrete mixer is naturally more suitable, as long as it doesn't have an exhaust. Since this device will be used for small jobs, the electric concrete mixer will work just fine. On the other hand, a heated concrete mixer bears a much more extensive use than an electric mixer. However, its heat engine requires one to use it outdoors or indoors if the house is under construction and has yet to have doors or windows installed. Club hammer and brick chisel Introducing both tools at the same time, as one is used to strike the other. The club hammer falls into three categories: Square-faced club hammer; Rounded-face club hammer; Mallet. If the square-faced club hammer is best suited for hammering stone, and the mallet for woodworking, the rounded-face club hammer is the most efficient when working with a brick chisel. In fact, its design allows you to direct the strike force to a specific spot on the chisel. The term "masonry chisel" doesn't refer to two steel blades, but rather to a thin, flat piece of metal on top of the chisel. Its function? To cut brick, stone or concrete. If at first, it doesn't do the trick, you can add a flat chisel to your arsenal. Overview of the different masonry tools and their features Also mentioned by Barras in terms of tools: “Renovation workers use a lot more tools than new masonry project workers such as saws [Arbotech Tools, Ed.] or drop-in anchors.” Along with the 9 must-have tools above-mentioned, other tools are also required, such as clamps, concrete planer, combi hammer, masonry brush, and brick jointer. Clamps Also known as brick anchors, clamps are small, metal rods on which a metal plate slides. The mason will shove the tip of the rod into a wall and then slide the metal plate until it clamps onto a wooden board used as formwork. Clamps are used to allow workers to plaster walls while the mortar isn’t yet dry. However, note that formwork techniques are very specific and not all masons can perform such work. Concrete planer A concrete planer is essential when finishing a screed as it gives the concrete a smooth and compact finish. Sometimes referred to as a "surface planer" because of the way it works, or a "scarifier.” In fact, the concrete planer is fitted with blades attached to a single or double rotor, which will smooth over a surface. Combi hammer Although it might resemble a drill, the combi hammer isn't even close to being in the same category. If you have load-bearing vibro concrete walls in your home, you've probably already burned through your drill bit without making a single dent. With a combi hammer, there’s no doubt about it, it functions by first having a piston compressing a pocket of air, which will then impact the hammer, which then activates the drill. The result: You can drill through vibro concrete, reinforced concrete, granite, hard brick, and other materials. Heavy-duty and relatively quiet, it's both electromechanical and electro-pneumatic. If one of the most expensive tools is the Arbotech saw [about $1,200, Ed.], the drill isn't far off with its $1,000 low-end price point. Masonry brush This small tool is especially useful for finishing work. The masonry brush is primarily used to enhance the surface appearance of concrete or brickwork. Brick jointer Behind this clear-cut name lies a very useful tool. It's essentially a metal spike that can be used to make mortar joints. Using this tool ensures that the joints are rendered waterproof. Cost of Masonry Tools In Quebec, masonry tools can be found in all hardware stores. Based on the essential tools we've just listed, here's a ballpark budget for masonry tools that’ll get the job done: Trowel: $13.50; Concrete float: $17.50; Plasterer’s float: $50; Set square: $15.50; Plumb bob: $10; String line: $35/kit; Concrete mixer: $500; Club hammer: $25; Brick chisel: $20. All tallied up, it amounts to $686.50 for must-have masonry tools. To those, one can also add the following tools: Clamps: $31; Concrete planer: $668.50; Combi hammer: $1,000; Masonry brush: $12; Brick jointer: $14.50. The above-listed tools will run you about $1,726. Altogether, purchasing all masonry tools will come out to about $2,212.50. Want to know whether your project requires a mason? Check out our article When Should You Hire a Mason? Cover photo source: Pixabay
Cynthia Laferrière • 26 Nov 2022
Are you a thrill-seeking, mechanical engineering enthusiast with a passion for the great outdoors? Are you interested in a career that requires you to work under various conditions and face challenges that demand precision and critical thinking? If so, a career as a crane operator might just be your calling! Tasks of a Crane Operator Source: Eli Duke - Flickr The main tasks related to this type of work consist of loading, unloading, and moving various materials to great heights. A crane operator can also be called upon to erect structures, build retaining walls, drive pilings into the ground, and operate a concrete pump. Lastly, this type of heavy machinery operator is responsible for maintaining, transporting, inspecting, and assembling various types of cranes. There are three categories of cranes. Crane operators can manoeuvre all three or specialize with one in particular. Boom truck crane, also known as a telescopic crane: You’ll be asked to work with heavy-duty hydraulic cranes (to move loads of 20 tons or more), moderate loads (5 to 20 tons), and wellheads (at sea, welding). Tower crane: You’ll manoeuvre fixed cranes, overhead or bridge cranes to lift materials. Mobile crane: This division includes conventional and hydraulic machines. These’ll be hoisted onto mechanical or hydraulic cranes capable of lifting 15-ton loads. In greater detail, academic training and overall experience will teach future crane operators to: Maintain, inspect, and lubricate machines; Calculate the crane’s load capacity when it comes to rigging and hoisting; Ensure the overall safety of the work zone, equipment, and their actions; Evaluate the external conditions to effectively carry out tasks (wind speed, ground conditions, power lines, etc.); Assemble on-site locomotive cranes; Operate gantry or oil rig platform cranes needed to load and unload vessels; Operate overhead or bridge cranes to lift or move machinery and materials; Manoeuvre draglines on open-pit mining sites; Use pile drivers to drive pilings into the ground to support new buildings; Instruct apprentices about the trade in the field. Most tradespersons have stated that they appreciate the fact that no two workdays are alike. In the span of a day, you can, for example, help build a condo tower, then install a giant Christmas tree downtown, hoist a grand piano up to the third floor of a retirement home, to finish off by loading a cargo ship. Work Environment of Crane Operators As you can imagine, this is an outdoors, boisterous trade, however, you’re often working from a control room/cabin, protected by a helmet or work earmuffs. Depending on the required workforce, the approved contracts and the worker’s skillset, it’s not unlikely that you’ll need to work outside of your area of residence, and you might even have to stay there for a certain period of time. The crane operator trade isn’t only linked to the building industry. In fact, besides construction worksites, offers are coming in strong from the likes of transportation and storing companies, ports, railways, the mining sector, wholesale, and even for individuals. Skills Needed to Manoeuvre a Crane Source: Pawel Grzegorz - Pixabay To really make the most of your studies and overcome challenges along the way, some personality types are more favourable when it comes to possibly becoming a crane operator. According to the Holland Code (RIASEC) test, the authorities on the matter suggest that individuals with an RCE personality type are more likely to have the prerequisites to manoeuvre cranes. In other words, people who have a realistic, conventional, and enterprising sense of self, and enjoy carrying out concrete, defined, and thorough tasks. Moreso, they’re able to uphold certain sets of guidelines, be physically involved in their work, and manage important responsibilities. Since any accident could have major consequences, a crane operator must have certain basic skills and knowledge such as: Excellent eyesight; Good physical endurance; Good dexterity and instincts; Patience, rigour, and meticulousness; Strong critical thinking skills and good judgment; Heightened sense of concentration and attention; No fear of heights or enclosed spaces; Enjoy working solo and in a team; Mindful of rules, standards, workplace safety, and given responsibilities. Becoming a Crane Operator: Training & Certification Source: tara hunt - Flickr The easiest and most common path to becoming a certified crane operator consists of completing a full-time training program (DVS), which consists of 870 hours, over a period of 7-8 months. However, this training is only offered in two institutions in Quebec: Centre national de conduite d'engins de chantier in Lévis and at the C.F. en conduite d'engins de chantier et de grues, at Atelier-école les Cèdres. Diploma in hand, you’ll still need hundreds of hours of on-site experience to complete the training. First of all, crane operators begin their careers as apprentices, then they become journeypersons, and end up manoeuvring the cranes alone (however, monitored at first). The job prospects for certified crane operators are excellent; more than 80% of students find work in their desired field once they’ve completed their training. In Quebec, crane operators have a median wage of $29.50 per hour. It obviously varies depending on the years of experience and the company in question. In the last few years, it has become possible for individuals without a DVS to gain entry into the trade. However, a set training plan, which includes an exam, for said trade was established with the idea to offset the labour shortage. To ensure that this option isn’t taken lightly, aspiring crane operators must be able to prove that they’re taking the necessary steps by providing a commitment letter from a prospective employer, obtaining an apprenticeship certification, and completing 150 hours of training and experience within a period of 3 consecutive months. Should these prerequisites not be met according to the set timeline, it’ll therefore be impossible to start over or complete the exam. In such a case, the individual will then have to complete a DVS. To learn more about the program, exemptions, and apprenticeships, check out the CCQ website. Cover photo source: Mix - Pixabay
Cynthia Laferrière • 03 Feb 2023
If you’re looking for a career in the construction industry where teamwork is essential and perfectionism is—at long last—valued, consider becoming a resilient interior flooring layer. This little-known profession, although essential, is seeing a significant labour shortage as a result of a large number of workers retiring. Has it piqued your interest? Check out the following to find out whether your worker profile corresponds to that of the trade. What does a resilient flooring layer do? Source: Canva So, what’s resilient flooring, anyway? Well, it’s basically flooring that is resistant to impact, like carpet, underlayment, vinyl, linoleum, cork, rubber, and the list goes on. Specially practical in commercial buildings or health centres, such materials require that the person performing the installation partake in a special academic training during which they’ll learn to: Read and sketch plans and evaluate potential production costs; Plan the work and prepare surfaces to be covered; Ensure the worksite adheres to health and security measures; Measure, cut, and alter flooring; Adequately use various types of glue, polishers, vacuums, cement mixers, air hammers, and other tools; Lay, replace, and repair flooring in buildings. Do you have what it takes to become a resilient flooring layer? Source: Canva The skills and knowledge required to dominate this trade, and to successfully carry out the required tasks are, no surprise, linked to physical fitness and manual labour. Since you’ll be called to handle heavy tools and lean down, it goes without saying that you’ll need physical strength, great flexibility and stability, and be somewhat dexterous. Also, you’ll need to be able to spot the little details and have good observational skills. On the intellectual side, mathematical and deductive skills, along with a sharp mind, are required. In fact, the first steps undertaken on a work site are the blueprints, calculations, and know-how about the materials’ characteristics. Since it’s a very teamwork-prone type of job, you have to be comfortable speaking openly, organizing tasks logically, and gathering the necessary information to relay the information clearly and concisely. At the same time, your capacity to take initiative and be autonomous will be key to a successful career path. If you’ve already turned to a career counsellor, it’s likely that they’ve already asked you to take the Holland test (RIASEC) to determine your personality traits and areas of interest. Note that the profile that’s most likely to suit that of a resilient flooring layer is Realist - Investigative - Conventional. Simply put, though you’ve probably already figured that out based on the above-mentioned information, meaning individuals who prefer concrete and physical work, problem solvers, and those who walk a straight line in terms of conduct. Note that some employers will mandate workers to be bilingual and have the ability to work anywhere in Quebec (driver’s license and transportation). Carpet and Other Resilient Flooring Installers: Required Training Source: Canva To be able to work in a job related to various resilient flooring installations, you’ll need to complete a DVS (also known as a DEP) in Resilient Flooring Installation—Buildings and Public Works—which is 900 hours, full time. This training program is available in English and in French, depending on the establishment in question. In a nutshell, these are the options available to you: Capitale-Nationale - CSS de la Capitale - ÉMOICQ Laval - CSS de Laval - C.F.P. Le Chantier Montérégie - CSS Marie-Victorin - C.F.P. Pierre-Dupuy Montréal - CSS de Montréal - École des métiers de la construction de Montréal What the future holds for a resilient flooring layer You’ll have to show up at the CCQ with a diploma attesting to your completion of a DVS in resilient flooring installation and find an employer that’s registered with the CCQ and guarantees 150 hours of work. Once these conditions are met, you’ll then move on to being an apprentice. To then obtain your journeyperson certificate, you’ll need to have accrued at least 2,000 hours of experience. Once your career has taken off, you’ll make an average wage of $29/h; most likely a bit more depending on the industry in which you work. Most of the work sites are at institutional and commercial levels. As for employers, they’re often flooring resellers or manufacturers as well as construction contractors. Note that, if you have an entrepreneurial bone, this trade is perfect to eventually go out on your own. Some relevant links: How to join the construction industry without a diploma Training programs dedicated to women in construction Finding the right job for you Advice for contractors and labourers in the renovation industry
Cynthia Laferrière • 27 Jan 2023
Are you passionate about computers, electronics, and new technologies? Are you drawn to manual work, in which the words "build," "repair," or "install" sound like true challenges to you? Electricity, intricate components, and problem-solving don't scare you? Well then, maybe you should consider a career as a security systems electrician. This complex and wide-ranging trade offers excellent job prospects and is eagerly awaiting your candidature! Security Systems Electrician Tasks Source: Canva Also known within the industry as “installers,” “technicians,” or “electronic maintenance technicians,” these experts are tasked with fitting, configuring, verifying, and maintaining various security systems: Fire alarm Anti-theft Access control Video surveillance Telecommunication Emergency communication Control unit Sprinkler supervision These specialists can work either in private residences or in commercial, institutional, or industrial sectors. Aside from the above-mentioned tasks, academic training and on-the-job experience will teach future electricians to: Make equipment and work areas safe for employees and the general public; Drive and maintain a service vehicle; Interpret plans, quotes, technical books, and diagrams (in English and French); Understand direct and alternative currents circuits, logic circuits, and semiconductors; Connect and install cables and connections; Activate and connect all types of systems to a central unit; Carry out quality control, identify defects, and replace equipment; Fill in maintenance, repair, or test reports. The Skills Required to Become a Security Systems Electrician Logically speaking, students and prospective candidates alike have similar profiles. Overall, these individuals enjoy concrete tasks: Part of their DNA is drawing on theory and analytical evidence to solve problems on-site. Their judgment and deductive logic will be especially useful throughout their careers. It goes without saying that a sharp, critical mind, self-reliance, and unparalleled attention to detail are sought-after qualities by employers. They're always keen on learning and further developing their digital, IT, and electrical knowledge, as well as being rigorous and retentive. Since they'll be working with small tools or hazardous components on a daily basis, having excellent dexterity and coordination are essential skills for security systems electricians. Lastly, eyesight also plays a crucial part in successfully accomplishing tasks; perfect 20-20 vision, selective attention, and a quick grasp of colours are therefore essential qualities. How to Become a Security Systems Electrician Source: Canva To perform security systems installation or repair-related duties, one must obtain a DVS in Security Systems Installation and Maintenance (official name in Quebec: Installation et entretien de systèmes de sécurité)—electrotechnology and the duration of the training is 1,485 hours. This training is available in the 5 following establishments: ÉMOICQ (CSS de la Capitale – Capitale-Nationale) Construc-Plus Vocational Centre (CSS des Miles-Îles – Laurentides) C.F.P. Qualitech (CSS du Chemin-du-Roy – Mauricie) C.F.P La Prairie (CSS des Grandes-Seigneuries – Montérégie) C.F.P. Léonard-De Vinci, Édifice Thimens (CSS Marguerite-Bourgeoys – Montréal) You can also access these functions by completing a DVS in a related field, for example, in electronics engineering technology, or by going through the CSD Construction’s labour pool shortage openings (bassin de main-d’œuvre, info-pénurie [French only]) made available for non-graduates. Job Outlooks in Security Systems Maintenance and Installation Field The employment rate for graduates is high. The demand for blue-collar occupations is increasing and there's a labour shortage. The construction industry is, without a doubt, always looking for labourers, but one can still find work outside of this sector. For example, some private or retail companies as well as electronic equipment distributors or manufacturers hire and offer installation, repair, and maintenance services. Note that some employers might require that you join the Ordre des technologues professionnels du Québec (Order of Professional Technologists of Quebec, OTPQ [French only]), complete general health and safety on construction sites course (ASP Construction [French only]), or obtain a Journeymen Competency Certificate (JCC). In Quebec, the median wage for this trade is $25 an hour, however, it can go as high as $40/hr. The salary varies with years of experience and according to the sector of employment. The beauty of being a security systems electrician is that you can find contracts year-round.
Cynthia Laferrière • 05 Jan 2023
Are you particularly handy, meticulous, and love working with machinery? You’re not afraid of heights, consider yourself a problem solver, and can manage your stress levels…how about considering specializing in elevator installation, repair, and maintenance! This type of work, with diverse duties, has excellent employment prospects; just consider the number of apartment and condo towers that are being built every month in urban and suburban areas. An Elevator Mechanic’s Duties Source: Tima Miroshnichenko – Pexels The key role of such a tradesperson consists of ensuring the proper functioning of mechanical and electric motion systems that are found in elevators, freight elevators, dumbwaiters, and escalators. As such, depending on the chosen industry, the individual in question will be able to install, repair, modernize, or maintain these systems used to transport materials or individuals. All-around handy, this type of mechanic must know the ins and outs of electricity, electronics, welding, hydraulics, mechanics, and so forth. On top of the above-mentioned elements, the academic training and on-site experience will teach future elevator mechanics to accomplish the following: Interpret blueprints, sketches, and quotes directly linked to the system's components Use various techniques and tools Prepare construction work (piping, wiring, framework, etc.) Respect standards to ensure the safe use of devices, worksite, and public (before, during, and after the work is completed) Assemble cabins, install control units, and the necessary wiring for electrical or electronic controls Perform general preventative maintenance Test material to spot weaknesses Disassemble, repair, or replace defectives units Carry out final performance assessments of devices to ensure safe use and compliance Provide quotes to prospective clients Required Skillset to Become a Good Elevator Mechanic Since this trade requires one to be working, suspended at great heights or wedged in tight spaces, one can’t be acrophobic or claustrophobic. Being dexterous and having excellent hand-eye coordination to handle moving parts are essential to practice the trade. Since the job requires one to play around with high-voltage electromotive forces or handle tiny parts, the mechanic must be meticulous, precise, and have a heightened sense of responsibility. Being naturally gifted with mathematics and calculations, in general, is just as important as developing one’s observational and analytical skills to solve complex problems. Often working alone during maintenance calls, one must have a healthy dose of know-how and autonomy in their DNA to work as an elevator mechanic. On the flip side, the mechanic must be able to easily work with other players in the business (installers, electricians, contractors, homeowners, etc.). Some employers will request for their workforce to be bilingual and have the capacity to work everywhere in Quebec (must hold a valid driver’s license and have access to a vehicle). As such, offering 24/7, on-call services during peak periods will be considered an asset during the hiring process. How to Become an Elevator Mechanic or Installer Source: Kelly – Pexels To work in any trades related to the installation or repair of various elevator systems, one must complete a DVS in Elevator Mechanics—Maintenance Mechanics—full-time for a period of two years, meaning 1,800 hours. This training program is only offered in one educational establishment in Quebec, and that’s the École des métiers du Sud-Ouest-de-Montréal—the ÉMSOM (French), and the training can be completed in English. Note that you won’t need to go through an internship during the course of your studies, since the learning period will be done on-site, as an apprentice. To do so, you’ll first have to prove to the CCQ that you’ve successfully completed the training program. You’ll be asked to adhere to a syndicate, and then provide a guarantee from your employer giving you permission to work for them, and that, for a period of at least 150 hours over a three-month period. You’ll also have to obtain a workplace health and safety certification and provide a ($100) payment to the CCQ. In case you want to work in the construction industry (industrial, commercial, institutional), you’ll then actually go through the steps to become a journeyperson. Check out this website to know more about working in the construction industry without a diploma. (French) Job Prospects and Trades Related to a DVS in Elevator Mechanics The job prospects for diploma holders are excellent; demand is strong and there's a lack of qualified candidates. Keep in mind that training won’t only allow you to repair elevators, but also dumbwaiters, escalators, overhead cranes, and much more. The construction industry can be seen as constantly seeking new hires, but you can also seek employment elsewhere. For example, manufacturers, certain private companies or specialized companies, or even real estate firms for that matter, offer their installation, repair, and maintenance services for individuals, businesses and public institutions. In Quebec, the median wage is $39 an hour. The latter varies depending on the years of experience and the employment sector. The advantage of the trade is that it allows you to find year-round contracts, no matter the season. In case this article convinced you or validated your career choice, here's a list of jobs waiting for your skillset: Elevator mechanic Escalator installer Stair and overhead crane installer-repairer Technical representative of elevators and other equipment Cover photo: Aaron – Flickr