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Exterior renovationsShould You Repair or Replace Your French Drain?
Today, the importance of having a functional French drain in place to benefit your foundation has been well established. In Quebec, winter and spring weather, as well as the likelihood that your dwelling’s foundation is in proximity to a phreatic zone, can definitely put a strain on concrete foundations if not properly drained.
On the other hand, dealing with a French drain issue is a particularly complex undertaking. Not only does it require a lot of work, but it's also difficult to judge for yourself. So, should you repair it or simply replace it?
If you’ve already come up with a diagnostic and you’re more interested in learning about costs, click here (in French only).
We’ve covered French drain-related topics in depth in various articles on our blog, and if you’re seeking problem-specific information, we can point you in the right direction.
If we had to resume the telltale signs of a faulty French drain, we’d start by recommending checking the humidity levels in your basement, the presence of efflorescence on your basement’s concrete walls, or the presence of stagnant water during spring.
For more information regarding these warning signs when it comes to your French drain, refer to this article: What Are the Causes and Solutions to a Faulty French Drain?
Digital drain pipe inspection cameras are able to access a drain through the sump pump or the cleanout chimney to ascertain the situation at hand. A good inspection camera can also display its linear footage in real-time relative to its starting point so that the excavation isn't performed in the wrong spot.
Before considering replacing or repairing a French drain, look into a thorough drain cleaning if the situation allows. A French drain is usually cleaned with a high-pressure jet that dislodges the build-up of debris or rootlets (small roots). However, it's important to understand that a French drain may be too clogged to clean, thus requiring replacement.
If your drain shows signs of iron ochre, you can have a drain that's adapted to the situation at hand installed, should this not already be the case. For reminder's sake, iron ochre is a naturally-occurring phenomenon in the ground, and if your French drain is capable of functioning properly in its presence, there’s no reason to have it replaced.
Check out this article to learn more (in French only).
If your French drain isn’t installed on a positive slope in a continuous fashion to favour its drainage, a camera inspection can also confirm it via water accumulation in your drain. If this is the case, the drainage slope will have to be redone, and if it’s an issue in more than one area, take advantage of the situation to replace the drain if it’s too damaged.
Oftentimes, a French drain will be covered will one or more layers of gravel in order to prevent the weight of the soil from crushing it. There are two main reasons why gravel may have entered the drain:
A sharp piece of gravel put too much pressure on the drain for too long, resulting in a crack;
The junction where the French drain’s two sections come together wasn’t properly done, thus allowing gravel to enter the drain in said area.
If that’s the case, you’ll need to replace the cracked sections of the drain.
Want to learn more about repairing a French drain? Check out our article: How to Repair a French Drain.
Before deciding on whether to replace the entire French drain, determine whether it should be cleaned or partially replaced.
The causes behind a faulty or damaged French drain are often due to naturally occurring factors (like it reached the end of its service life, the presence of roots or rootlets in the drain, or iron ochre) or simply poor installation (the drain’s two connection points weren’t properly fitted or the drainage slope was miscalculated).
The problem may lie in or around the drain itself—make sure the problem is pinpointed. Replacing the drain is useless if the drain slope isn't right in the first place!
If you have landscaping or foundation repairs scheduled, take the opportunity to have them done at the same time so you don't have to go through a second excavation. If more than one problem can be dealt with at a time, seize the opportunity to do so.
Here are some of our French drain- and piping-related articles:
Photo Sources: Pixabay and Wikimedia Commons
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Last modified 2023-11-07
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