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Interior renovationsWhy and How to Weather Seal Your Garage Door
Threshold seal, weather stripping, insulation kit, etc., the methods of weather-sealing a garage door surely aren’t lacking. Learn why it’s beneficial to insulate your garage door, and most importantly, how to proceed.
Weather sealing your garage door has numerous benefits. Here are the main three:
A garage door is always a point of weakness when it comes to a home’s overall insulation. On average, the R-value of a garage door, which indicates the material’s effectiveness in terms of insulation, is only between 0 and 20.
Why’s that, you ask? Because the material’s effectiveness is based on 2 factors:
Regardless of their type, garage doors aren’t especially thick. Therefore, it’s best to focus on insulating the sides of the door as effectively as possible to limit drafts and cut back on heat consumption during winter and air conditioning during summer.
The gaps between the garage door, the frame and the wall should also be packed to limit any noise pollution.
Materials designed for weather sealing are rarely the same as those used for soundproofing. However, there are materials that garner these 2 features. It so happens to be the case for:
Albeit we rarely think about it, indoor air quality can be significantly influenced by the quality of the outdoor air.
In 1997, as part of a study done by a Canadian research institute on indoor air quality, a residential garage door was insulated to help the homeowner alleviate their asthma symptoms. At cause? Motor vehicle traffic, especially.
Therefore, even if improving indoor air quality in your home isn’t at the top of your list when it comes to insulation-related work, you’ll still breathe better.
Here’s a 5-step guide to weather sealing your garage door:
The most commonly used insulation material for PVC or sheet metal garage doors is polystyrene or polyurethane sheets.
However, you can also opt for wood fibre panels or thermal shield insulation.
Choosing a material doesn’t mean solely focusing on its insulation-based qualities but more on the type of garage door that’s in question. For example, while wood fibre is the best insulation material out of the three, its weight doesn’t suit an overhead garage door.
Typically, garage doors are retailed according to standard sizing, which can increase the gaps between the frame and the walls. As such, the first thing to do to insulate your garage door is weather-seal said gaps.
To that effect, there are two solutions available:
expanding spray foam.
Based on the size of the gap between the frame and wall, adhesives can effectively fill in the cavities. However, if the gaps are too big, instead opt for expanding foam.
Garage doors are more often than not made with one or more very thin panels. Therefore, as above-mentioned, the thinner a material, the less effective it is, insulation-wise. To enhance the insulation properties and render it more effective, now’s the time to use the material you selected in Step 1.
There are also insulation kits sold in all hardware stores. These kits include thin insulation panels, which can either be in the shape of:
a roll or;
To install these, you can simply apply a double-side adhesive to the surface of the garage doors.
This element is near-invaluable for overhead garage doors that close vertically. Without a threshold strip, there’s an entry point for air between the bottom of the door and the ground.
To insulate this entry point, threshold strips are available in 3 different materials:
steel: very resistant but oxidizes over time.
aluminum: doesn’t oxidate and is rather rigid when extruded.
synthetic materials or rubber.
The only issue in regard to this solution is that repetitive vehicle traffic can damage your door’s threshold strip and limit, or render useless, its insulation properties. This is often the case when it comes to threshold strips made of rubber or synthetic materials.
An add-on or straight-up alternative to the garage door threshold strip, a weather stripping is a U-shaped seal that runs along the bottom of the garage door. When the door is shut, it applies pressure onto the stripping, which then creates a seal between the door and the ground.
Weather stripping for doors is available in hardware stores for less than $50 and can be fitted without the need for tools. Simply apply lubricant to the gaps at the bottom of the garage doors, then slide the strip in place.
Allow for half an inch of excess material to overhang on either side and, if it gets in the way, trim part of it and tuck the excess length inside.
Garage door weather stripping prices range from $30 to $70. Here’s why the pricing differs:
Thickness (starting at ¼ in. to 1 in.);
Length (9 in. to 10 in.);
Width (2 ½ in. to 3 in.);
The size of the gap to seal;
Installation system (slide-on or screw-in).
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Last modified 2023-11-07
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