Steps for Keeping Your Basement Dry and Waterproof
Last modified: 2019/09/04 | Approximate reading time 4 mins
In many ways, your basement can act as a sanctuary from the hecticness of everyday life. Whether it’s a playroom for the kids, a home theatre or a full-fledged man cave, water can seep in and cause significant damage.
With the cost of damage potentially being astronomical, it is so fundamental to ensure your basement stays dry! It’s for this reason that we’ve prepared this guide to inform you of the options you have for waterproofing your basement.
Essential basement maintenance against water infiltrations
Before anything, as a homeowner, you must take the step of evaluating the situation for what it is and what potential fixes may be available. So, your first step is to assess the house perimeter. This means you’re looking to ensure the ground touching the foundation slopes away from the house.
If the ground slopes towards the house, this is a bad sign as water will flow against the foundation, which can seep through or worse, cause the building materials to rot. If you notice that this is the case, fill in the area against the foundation with dirt. When making an ideal barrier, put roughly 2 inches worth of soil every foot.
Another potential area of concern is the gutters and downpipe. Having clean gutters will help you avoid any issues regarding a backup of leaves and potential overflow. The point of having such a system is to keep water off the roof and off the exterior walls of your home. However, water coming out of the downpipe can impact your basement if not installed in an effective manner. We recommend that you ensure the downspout is discharging water at least 5 feet away from your foundation. Anything less than 5 feet means the water can potentially flow back towards your home’s foundation.
Keeping beautiful flowers and shrubbery around your home's foundation can usually act as a nice visual cue for passersby. However, when plant roots rot, they tend to create a passage of sorts for water from the surface to flow through and into your foundation. It is recommended to plant any botanicals at least 12 inches away from the outer walls of the foundation.
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When inspecting your basement walls for cracks, stay diligent as some cracks may be hairline and not easily noticeable at first. Most cracks in a concrete wall can penetrate to the other side, leaving an open passageway for water. This makes it crucial to fill and patch those cracks so water can’t get through. It is also recommended to check where pipes go through the concrete foundation walls, as these areas are more prone to cracking and should be sealed anyway.
For minor cracks, use a masonry waterproofer since they are quite effective for sealing cracks. If the fracture is a larger one, you can use a construction-grade epoxy to penetrate every nook within the crack. If this is your situation, we suggest consulting an experienced masonry expert for such large cracks as they require construction-grade epoxy.
Serious waterproofing options
The above-mentioned solutions are, for the most part, simple options that can help alleviate the potential for water leaking into your basement. However, there are a few options that can leave you confident that your basement will remain dry no matter what. While it is ideal, these steps are taken in the earliest phases of construction, this is not mandatory and each solution can be applied long after construction if necessary.
The first way to assure yourself that no water will be coming through the walls is by painting them with a waterproofing membrane. Drylok for instance, expands as it dries, adhering very well to the wall and creating a waterproof barrier. Another product, Xypex, has a texture more like wet concrete. As it dries, it will bond to the wall, leaving it completely impermeable to water.
It should be noted that groundwater is often under extreme pressure and these sealers have a limitation with regard to pressure. Therefore, leaks can theoretically occur, so should this be the case, applying another layer should suffice.
Some situations can leave your basement flooded, which is basically the worst-case scenario. To avoid your basement from ever flooding, you can install a sump pump. Essentially, a pump is installed within a hole in your basement floor and as the water rises within the hole, it is pumped out of the house. The installation requires the use of a professional to drill through the concrete, install the pump, connect it and lay pipes to draw the water far from the house. While this option is demanding, it will undoubtedly leave your basement flood free.
Taking the necessary steps to guarantee your basement will stay dry regardless of the exterior conditions is not just for your peace of mind. At the end of the day, a waterproof basement is one that doesn’t incur the expensive repairs of water damage, making this process a sound investment. As always, the use of a licensed professional is critical to ensuring that the job is done well and will last.
Author: David Ben-Zaken
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