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When it comes to the bathroom, the shower is an integral piece. As it’s central to day-to-day activities, it can help to define the layout of the space as well as the ambiance.
But, if you’re planning to put in a new shower or renovate the one you’ve got, it’s important to be aware of the basics when it comes to choosing the right model. With so many options, how can you determine the right size shower for your bathroom exactly?
To help you select the right fit, this article will break down the essentials to offer you a path towards a shower that’s functional, practical and perfect for your bathroom.
Source: style by emily henderson
The first thing you’ll need to consider when choosing the right shower is the size of your bathroom and the standard shower sizes available. If you are choosing to design your own standing shower cabin, then you should have quite a lot of flexibility. But if you’re opting for a prefabricated standing shower, you’ll be limited to the available sizes on the market.
The most common widths for prefab shower cabins are as follows: 32 inches wide by 32 inches deep may be the smallest and sizes go up incrementally from there generally to around 36 x 60. For accessibility standards, your shower size should be at least 36 x 36 inches. It’s important to note that the sizes refer to the interior dimensions of the shower.
Another important determining factor when it comes to size is placement: where do you want your shower to live? In the corner, the center of the room or in a separate area altogether? If you’re starting from scratch, this question may be easier to answer. If you’re remodelling and replacing an old shower, you’ll likely want to put the new model in the same place as the old, as there'll be much less plumbing work required.
For some shower inspiration, check out our article 10 examples of shower models.
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Source: British Ceramic Tile
First, you’ll begin by measuring from the floor to the ceiling. If there’s an existing shower in the space, measure its height from the floor to the top of the shower. Measure in more than one place and go with the taller height if there happens to be a discrepancy. Now you can measure the width and depth of the space.
Do bear in mind that if your intention is to have a shower-bathtub, you’ll need to take that into consideration for your measurements. The standard shower-bathtub size is 60 x 30 x 72. Be aware that shower-bathtub units run larger than stand-alone tubs.
Do you need more advice to choose the right shower for your needs? Check out this article How to Choose Your Shower.
Source: Country Living
The size is an important factor when you’re narrowing down the right shower for you, but so is the style of shower. There are a few different options on the market to choose between, though there may be specific limitations when it comes to the plumbing system in your home. The 4 categories are as follows:
Mixer shower: This style of shower connects directly with pipes and is one of the most common. This means that this shower relies on your home’s water system for both water pressure and heat.
Power shower: A power shower has a built-in pump and this comes in handy in combination with low-pressure systems. Unfortunately, this model is not the most energy-efficient and can lead to costly bills.
Electric shower: This type of shower is the most affordable option on the list and is widely used as it can be installed in any home. Electric showers are fairly energy-efficient, as they have a built-in element for heating water.
Digital shower: This technologically integrated shower has a control panel for heat and pressure, making it exceptionally energy efficient. We must mention that these showers are expensive.
When it comes to the shower’s surrounding material, there are plenty of options to choose from. These include marble, real stone, glass, ceramic and porcelain. When it comes to choosing the correct material, it’ll definitely come down to budget and aesthetic choice, so make sure to do plenty of research before you make your final decision.
Cover photo: fifi mcgee
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Last modified 2023-02-20
SoumissionRenovation.ca • 19 Jan 2023
Getting undressed in a bathroom should always be a treat. However, it often turns into an ordeal. And, as it turns out, the secret lies within the heating system, from which we expect an immediate, cozy warmth. What more could you ask for from a bathroom heater? So, why not get one that’s programmable and doubles as a towel warmer? A wall-mounted heater, typically an electric heater, is, without a doubt, the answer you’re looking for. But, what about a heated floor? Well, let’s get down to the nitty-gritty of bathroom heating systems. Bathroom Heating System Options: Heated Floor The number-one reason for installing underfloor heating is its cozy warmth, which is made possible by a radiant heat system. The tubing is fitted onto the insulation, which lays on a concrete slab. Then, the tubing is encased in the screed, which will then serve to diffuse the heat. However, heated floors have pros and cons. What are the benefits of heated floors? Doesn’t make a mess; Doesn’t take up space; Improves blood flow; Diffuses heat evenly. The last bullet point is especially important since it’s the one that creates that cozy, warm feeling one wants. Whereas, with an electric bathroom heating system, there can be a 5°C difference between the topmost section of the room and the flooring. Furthermore, underfloor heating coincides with our physiology since it can limit heat loss through our feet. As a matter of fact, it’s the primary source of heat loss when it comes to our bodies. As such, heated floors are the ideal solution. Alas, not everything is pretty and pink with a bow on top when it comes to underfloor heating. What are the downsides of heated floors? Installation costs ($12 to $36/sq. ft. and $240 and $280 for labour); The height of the floor (an extra ½ inch on average); Its inertia. The last point is, in the long run, the most inconvenient. While the warmth is cozy, it does take a few hours for the temperature in the room to rise from 3°C to 4°C (37 to 39°F). Types of Bathroom Convectors While you’re looking for the best bathroom heaters, you’ll come across three types of electric heating systems: Convector; Fan-forced; Wall-mounted. Here’s the rundown on all three heating systems to help narrow down your selection. Are you looking for experts for your air conditioning or heating project? Fill in this form to be connected with top-rated contractors! What’s the difference between convection, fan-forced, and wall-mounted heaters? Convection A convection heater works based on the principles of convection, which is explained by the motion of heated fluid. When it comes to a bathroom convection heater, the air in the room will be set in motion by a difference in density resulting from the temperature. More precisely, inside the heating system, an electric resistance increases the temperature as a result of electricity flow. The heat that’s released is sent to a heating plate, which is made of ceramic, aluminum, or carbon. When the heating plate comes into contact with the air, its temperature will rise. Since warm air naturally rises, the airflow created inside the room will allow the cold air coming from the ceiling to be warmed. Fan-forced heater The fan-forced heating system works just like the convector, but with a bonus ventilation system. As such, the system pushes the warm air and releases the heated air throughout the bathroom, thus heating the bathroom at a faster rate. Wall-mounted This is a ventilation unit that restores the heat released with a heat pump. However, it has one peculiarity: it’s reversible. During the summer, it can release cold air, whereas, during wintertime, it can produce heat. Its excellent yield makes it a great heating system option. Nonetheless, it’s not all about heating, one also has to account for its shape, power, size, remote control (timer), and all of its other features. Fan-Forced Heaters: Prices & Features 1. Electric bathroom heater, wagering on power Convectair C-20 Calypso Fan-Forced Heater When we say “power,” we’re talking about a 2000W heating capacity. It’s twice as much as a vacuum, as much as a standard oven, or a AAA washing machine. Therefore, amongst the other bathroom heaters, this fan-forced heater is bar-none. Price & characteristics: Height: 16 in (41 cm) Width: 12 in (31 cm) Power: 2000W Weight: 11.9 lb (5.4 kg Thermostat: Yes Programmable: Yes Price: $640 2. Wall-mounted electric heating Convectair C15 Soprano Fan-Forced Heater The benefit of this type of wall-mounted, bathroom heating system is that you can indeed, mount it. It’s a significant space gain in a room that’s often not very big, to begin with. The maximum power output by this compact unit is pretty interesting since it generates between 750 and 1500W of power. However, this unit’s biggest advantage is that it’ll allow you to fit in a small linen cabinet or another piece of furniture in your bathroom. Why not store your towels there, once another type of heating system has dried them? Price & characteristics: Height: 9.06 in (23 cm) Width: 34.29 in (87 cm) Power: 750 to 1500W Weight: 6.75 lb (3 kg) Thermostat: Yes Programmable: N/A Price: $342 3. Heated towel rack, a worthy unit Convectair Agagio fan-forced heater fitted with towel bars This is probably the most researched type of electric bathroom heating unit. The latter allows you to bundle up in a warm towel right after taking a shower or bath. Also mounted, this system has a rack to hang towels. It’s equipped with a thermostat for optimal temperature settings, and it typically has a 0.1°C (32°F) accuracy. Its only problem is its size. The towel bar heating unit for bathrooms is space-consuming. Smaller models are usually 23.38 inches (58 cm) high and 62.99 inches (157.5 cm) high for larger units. As for its weight, it usually weighs over 20 pounds (10 kg). In other words, this electric towel drying system doesn’t fit all bathrooms. Heater features: Height: 23.38 in (60 cm) Width: 6.75 in (17 cm) Power: 1400W Weight: 8.12 lb (3.7 kg) Thermostat: Yes Programmable: Yes Price: $733.99 Bathroom Wall-Mounted Heater: Price & Features Global Commander Wall Heater This heating unit is perfect for small spaces; it’s compact, with good power, and makes for a worthy option to quickly warm up a bathroom. Price & characteristics: Height: 16.5 in (42.1 cm) Width: 13.44 in (34.1 cm) Power: 1500W Weight: N/A Thermostat: Yes Programmable: N/A Price: $219.02 Bathroom Convector: Price & Features Convectair Allegro II 14 C15 This wall-mounted heating system is powered by natural convection. It’s noiseless, and it ensures even heat distribution with minimal dust generation. Its only downside: One must have a good amount of wall space available to mount it. Price & characteristics: Height: 14 ⅛ in (36 cm) Width: 33 ⅜ in (84.9 cm) Weight: 15 lb (6.8 kg) Power: 1500W Thermostat: Yes Programmable: Yes Price: $648 Where in the bathroom should it be installed? Heated flooring isn’t for you? Well then, note the following precautionary measures prior to installing a wall-mounted bathroom heating system: Opt for a heating unit with a timer; Never mount a heating system above a bathtub or a shower (or allow for at least 6.5 ft (2.5 metres) of clearance; If the system is positioned 24 inches (60 cm) or closer to your tub, opt for a dual insulation heating unit, minimum, with a water guard surface to protect against water splashing; Beyond this clearance, you can opt for a system that’s less safeguarded, with a built-in external outlet only, if it has a water guard.
Léa Plourde-Archer • 08 Jun 2022
To turn a basement into a fully functional living space, experts recommend including a bathroom or a half bath. Doing so allows the home’s residents to use the bathroom without having to go up and down the stairs every time. It’s all the more important when there’s a bedroom or home office set up below ground level. Once you’ve made up your mind and green-lighted this renovation project, you should really educate yourself on the matter and what it really entails. What You Need to Know About Building a Basement Bathroom Source: Canva If your current basement situation doesn’t already include a half bath or bathroom, note that it’ll make the task at hand a bit more complex. It’ll be possible, but definitely more complicated than building a bathroom on the ground floor or a half bath in an area where there’s existing plumbing. As a matter of fact, adding a bathroom in your basement involves quite a few additional steps compared to that of a ground-floor bathroom. The reason why is that you’ll need to bring your plumbing downstairs to the basement. You’ll also need to install a decent ventilation and dehumidification system, especially given that the basement is notorious for being a moisture-prone area that lacks airflow. Hence, on top of meticulously following the step-by-step bathroom building instructions, this project does involve a few additional stages. The different aspects involved with building a basic bathroom: Plumbing and piping Source: Canva First off, to build a bathroom, you have to choose a few plumbing fixtures and all the pieces that’ll be connected to the piping, namely: Toilet; Bathtub and/or shower Sink; Others (washer, bidet). According to the law, solely certified plumbers can carry out plumbing and piping installations inside residential properties. This part of the project will no doubt be handled in collaboration with a contractor. Note that we'll be covering the different types of contractors you can work with in this article. Ventilation Since it’s a notoriously humid area in which the air tends to accumulate and contaminate, installing a good ventilation system is crucial. There are three types of bathroom ventilation systems: Natural ventilation (doors and windows) Spot ventilation (exhaust fan that’s turned on and off, at will) Whole-house ventilation (continuous air renewal) Here are a few articles to peruse when considering bathroom ventilation systems: What to Consider When Choosing a Bathroom Fan How to Control the Humidity in Your Bathroom Electricity On top of plumbing, a versatile and high-traffic area like a bathroom needs to be well-equipped, electricity-wise. Not only do you need light, but also electrical outlets for the various items you use in the room. A bathroom’s electrical wiring and placement have a few peculiarities, mainly due to the proximity to water. For safety's sake, the law requires that an expert carry out all electrical work. Wall treatments Source: Canva When it comes to bathroom walls, most often, paint, (waterproof) wallpaper, or tiles are used. A few factors to consider: You absolutely must use bathroom-specific paints (check out this article for more information [in French only]). The wallpaper you’re going to choose has to be waterproof and installed properly so that it doesn’t peel due to humidity. Porcelain or ceramic tiles are really good options when it comes to wall coverings. If your budget allows for it, you can also install marble or another type of natural stone on your walls (once again, the whole thing must be properly sealed). Storage Any and all bathrooms deserve to be fitted with a storage cabinet and accessories. It’s vital to ensure the area remains tidy, ergonomic, and practical in general. Typically, a bathroom’s storage epicentre is usually the vanity (or sink base). You can also add a closet, shelves, and a linen cabinet. Some homeowners even go as far as hiring a carpenter for custom-made pieces. The following article features different vanity models: Bathroom Vanity: How to Choose Your Sink Countertop. Flooring Before making any decisions based solely on aesthetics, a bathroom floor must be safe, easy to clean, and waterproof. As luck will have it, there are numerous products and materials available on the market that meet these standards. Here are the best types of flooring for this area in question: Ceramic; Porcelain; Laminate; Vinyl. You’ll find more detailed information in this article: The Best Types of Flooring for Your Bathroom. Decoration Source: Canva Let’s wrap this up with the bathroom’s aesthetic aspect. It’s the perfect finishing touch that will make this space devoted to cleanliness all the more pleasant for all home residents. Limits don’t exist nor do specific criteria to adhere to when it comes to decorating a bathroom. Ultimately, what it comes down to is personal taste and needs. Nonetheless, we typically advise homeowners to pay careful attention to lighting and the room’s general brightness. Here are some bathroom décor ideas to get you started: 10 Family Bathroom Ideas 10 Examples of Dark Bathrooms 10 Master Bathroom Ideas Are you looking for experts for your bathroom project? Fill in our form to be connected with top-rated contractors! Basement Bathroom Requirements Source: Canva Installing proper ventilation to reduce humidity levels The entire bathroom has to be properly ventilated, but more so in the basement since airflow is rather restricted in general. Make sure to choose a quality ventilation system, one fitted with a decent dehumidifier. That way, you'll avoid ending up with mould or mildew problems. Adding luminosity to a basement room Few and far between are basements flooded with natural light. As a result, you have to pick up the slack with artificial lighting. Installing piping in the walls and floors Now this is the hardest part of building a basement bathroom. In fact, the contractor will likely have to open up your basement walls and dig into the slab to install the necessary piping and drains. This is far more arduous than attempting to carry out this task on an upper floor. Installing light switches and outlets wherever appropriate There are certain criteria to follow when it comes to installing electrical outlets and light switches in a basement, considering the outlets must be fitted at least 12 inches (30 centimetres) off the finished floor. The light switches have to be positioned at least 48 inches (122 cm) off the finished floor. Other regulations also apply when it comes to wiring inside walls. A certified electrician will know how to proceed. Costs of Building a Basement Bathroom Source: Canva Building or renovating a bathroom is a project that requires a significant budget. This is all the more true when it’s located in the basement; the complexity level is all the more real, too. It’s rather hard to come up with a precise amount that you’ll be putting toward such a project. However, we can still give you some ballpark numbers to prepare you ahead of receiving professional quotes from contractors! We’re talking about sums that can vary between $4,000 to $30,000. The lower cost is based on cost-effective materials and a very restricted space. On the other hand, if your bathroom is big and spacious and you’d rather select high-end materials, your budget will easily climb up to $30,000, especially for a basement bathroom. You can use our cost calculator to help you crunch the numbers when the time comes. However, note that the latter won’t take into account any additional costs related to the fact that the bathroom in question will be located in the basement. As such, add an extra $1,000 to the estimated amount. Do you need a permit to build a basement bathroom? Source: Canva Yes, you’ll need to request a building permit for this type of project. It’s also really important that you receive the permit prior to green-lighting the work, otherwise, the authorities at hand will have to shut down the worksite. To know more about it, check out this article (in French only). Do you need blueprints or an engineer’s plan to build a basement bathroom? If your basement bathroom project involves a load-bearing wall whatsoever, you’ll need an architect’s or engineer’s plan. If the project doesn’t revolve around load-bearing walls, you should still have a blueprint since you’ll most likely need one to obtain a permit. In either case, it’ll render the process much easier. Can I DIY my basement bathroom building project? When it comes to such an endeavour, the DIY route isn’t recommended. Right off the bat, it’s much more complex than building a bathroom on an upper floor, and on top of that, the law requires that you hire a certified contractor for all electrical work and plumbing. You can always carry out a few of the steps yourself, like painting or setting up certain furniture pieces, however, the result may not be as appealing. As for the rest, it’s best to work with industry experts. What kind of contractor should I hire for my basement bathroom building project? Now that you know that experts are needed for this type of project, you’re probably wondering whom to call. You have plenty of options made available to you: Interior designer: This professional will be able to draw the plans for the room, guide your choices in terms of materials, and even oversee the work if that’s what you want. General contractor: This type of contractor has a permit that allows them to carry out the work, from start to finish. As such, they can offer turnkey services. Specialized contractor: If you’d rather oversee the work yourself, you can hire various specialized contractors (plumbing, electrical, flooring, painting, carpentry, etc.). To figure out which services best meet your needs, you should still ask yourself what matters most to you: time, money, or both. If your time is precious and you’re ready and willing to spend a certain amount of money for someone else to take care of the project for you, then the choice will lie between an interior designer and a general contractor (or both in some cases). However, in terms of money, you could have a bit more leverage over the budget if you hire specialized contractors. However, note that since you most likely have zero construction or renovation experience, the project could take longer than expected and unexpected expenses may arise. So, consider every detail meticulously! Putting in a laundry room in my basement bathroom A lot of homeowners decide to set up a laundry room inside their basement bathroom. If the area in question is big enough to install the required appliances and all the necessary laundry products, it could actually be a worthwhile idea since it’ll mean all the plumbing is in a dedicated area. Here are some laundry room layout ideas: Laundry Room Design Ideas (in French only) How to Set Up a Laundry Room in Your Home We also suggest taking a peek at our Bathroom Renovation Checklist, which features a reference document that’ll help you keep track of the work at hand.
SoumissionRenovation.ca • 21 Mar 2023
Bathrooms typically have one thing in common: limited floor plans. However, by strategically designing the layout of your bathroom, you may realize that it’s bigger than you originally thought. Without further ado, here’s how you can work with the dimensions at hand, and successfully turn a somewhat restricted floor plan into a practical, narrow bathroom. What are the dimensions of a standard bathroom? Source: Canva The average bathroom measures 5.5 square metres. This space will have to house the necessary equipment for personal hygiene and basic comfort. Here they are: Vanity or pedestal sink Typically, a vanity is between 18 and 72 inches wide, 32 to 43 inches high, and 21 inches deep. To the above-mentioned measurements comes the minimal clearances to respect for one to move freely within the space: 21 in. in front of furniture; 30 in. on either side; 15 in. from the drain, meaning 30 in. from the double vessel sink. The pedestal sink adheres to the exact same guideline, measuring 24 inches wide, 33 inches high, and 22 inches deep. However, installing a vanity or pedestal sink requires a wall length of 51 to 61 inches. Shower or bathtub Source: Canva Whether it’s a standard or corner shower, it still needs at least 32 in. by 32 in. of space, with a 4-inch wide threshold (edge). However, you can discount the edging if you’re going for a walk-in shower. Whatever the case may be, the shower must have at least 24 inches of clearance so that one can safely enter the enclosure. Beyond that, a grab bar can be added roughly 33 inches off the floor for added comfort. Bathtubs are typically 60 in. x 32 in. (150 cm x 80 cm). It can be used in lieu of a shower. However, beyond its size, a bathtub still requires a 21-inch wide by 60-inch long clearance to get in and out, hassle-free. Here’s an article that can help you choose between a shower and a tub. Toilet A toilet, depending on the model, measures at least 30 inches high by 21 inches wide, and 25 inches deep. As for plumbing fixtures, a 12-inch clearance from the wall is needed. Around the toilet, there are other clearances to respect: 30 in. on either side; 21 in. in front; 4 in. from the wall. If you’ve added a grab bar for added comfort, note that it’ll likely be 12 inches away from the wall, and 42 inches long. Accessories Source: Canva There are 3 go-to accessories that are found in most bathrooms: towel bar; hooks; mirror. A standard towel bar is about 50 inches long, 20 inches wide, and, on average, 6 inches deep, with a 6-inch clearance on either side. For convenience, the mirror is placed above the sink. They’re available in all shapes and sizes, however, there’s a height guideline that must be respected. The middle point of the mirror must be eye-level, meaning 65 inches off the ground. The hooks on which bathrobes or clothes will most likely hang should be installed, on average, 66 inches high. Storage Should you want to install a linen cabinet in your bathroom, mainly to store towels, toiletry kits, or rolls of toilet paper, adhere to the following minimal dimensions: 18 in. wide; 84 in. high; 14 in. deep. Check out our bathroom storage guide. 6 Narrow Bathroom Layout Design Tips Source: Canva Contrary to popular belief, designing the layout for a narrow bathroom isn’t more difficult than doing so for a standard-shaped room. Why, you ask? Because the secret lies in the ergonomics of it all. 1- Position the shower or tub at the farthest end of the bathroom In a bathroom, the tub or shower is the most important element, but it’s also the one that takes up the most floor space. The only way to save space in a narrow bathroom, it’s to position the bathtub along the back wall. 2- Add furniture on one side only No matter the size of your bathroom, position the shower, sink, and toilet, along the same wall, and any cabinets along the opposite-facing wall. However, consider the space required for fully open cabinet drawers. 3- Opt for wall-mounted furniture Source: Canva Wall-mounted furniture is especially worthwhile. These allow you to clear up your floor space while facilitating movement within the confines of the bathroom. One small caveat: these really aren’t ideal for people of small stature or suffering from shoulder pain. 4- Go for a walk-in shower As some may say, it’s the pinnacle of perfection in terms of space gain. The walk-in shower maintains the continuity of the tile flooring, preventing any disruption when it comes to the bathroom’s floor plan as it would be with an elevated shower base. 5- Play on patterns Source: Canva In a narrow bathroom, the wall treatments are of utmost importance. To lend a sense of volume, there really are but two options: Cold and neutral colours Striking patterns Cold or neutral colours are more often well-received than bold patterns. However, the latter will definitely break up the room’s angles. As such, it lends a sense of volume that’s much better achieved than that of subdued colours. 6- Make use of the ambient and task lighting No matter your design, a narrow, often cramped, bathroom needs lighting to quell any overwhelming feelings. Take full advantage of task lighting and its reflection in the bathroom mirror to achieve the desired results. Then, install a few ambience lights to brighten up your bathroom as best as possible. Are you looking for experts for your bathroom project? Fill in our form to be connected with top-rated contractors! 4 more tips should your bathroom dare be small and narrow… Source: Canva A small and narrow bathroom can present quite a challenge in terms of layout. Luckily, there are a few tips out there for you to use. 1- Either get rid of a furniture piece or aim high If you’re looking to install a linen cabinet or any sort of furniture piece in your narrow bathroom, you’ll most likely need to position it in front of the toilet, sink, or shower. One minor hitch: you risk not being able to move about with ease. As such, to retain a sense of comfort, even in a cramped bathroom, get rid of the furniture piece by, for instance, positioning it right outside the bathroom against the adjacent wall. Another option would be choosing a wall-mounted cabinet or simply hanging shelves. 2- Favour shallow-depth furniture Source: Canva If removing and positioning a cabinet outside of your bathroom doesn’t favour your home, fear not as there are other solutions. Opt for shallow-depth furniture that extends all the way to the ceiling. The minimal depth that you should be looking for is 14 inches, as it happens to be the minimal depth at which one can store folded towels. 3- Go for a wall-mounted toilet By opting for a wall-mounted toilet, you can simultaneously free up the floor space, making the narrow bathroom feel more spacious. This type of toilet has a modern design and also allows access to every nook and cranny of the room. 4- Install a sliding door Albeit rarely done, opting for a sliding door allows for a hefty space gain. Also, a pocket door adds an industrial-like vibe to the interior décor. For a more modern and elegant look, go for a sliding glass door model. Our Narrow Bathroom Layout Suggestions Source: Canva Designing the layout of a narrow bathroom can be complicated, but it can also mean creating a unique and functional space. Here are a few pointers tailored to the square footage of the space: For a 4 m2 bathroom There’s only one way to design a four-square-metre bathroom: keep it simple. Opt for small cabinets, and one of them has to be for the sink. Consider a walk-in shower and a freestanding towel rack. Choose light-coloured flooring and walls to create a sense of spaciousness within the room. For a 5 m2 bathroom Source: Canva This floor space can accommodate a corner bathtub, double sink vanity, as well as a towel warmer. For a 6 m2 bathroom This is the required square footage for both a shower and a tub in your bathroom. However, you’ll need to carefully consider the layout as one of them will have to be positioned at an angle, and a walk-in shower is a must. Freestanding cabinets and other furniture can also be rightfully positioned around the room. For a 7 m2 bathroom Source: Canva With this kind of square footage, you can have all the fittings: toilet, tub/shower, and vanity. No need for a walk-in shower, you can opt for a shower stall and a more elaborate towel warmer. With 7 square metres, you can even consider having a spot for a washer and dedicated storage space.
SoumissionRenovation.ca • 15 Mar 2023
When it comes to designing a bathroom, faucets make all the difference. Nevertheless, choosing the right faucet goes beyond aesthetics. Whether you’re selecting a faucet for a tub/shower or sink, there are other important factors to consider. From cost to installation, with maintenance in between, we’ll cover everything you need to know about bathroom faucets to become a well-informed authority. How do bathroom faucets work? Source: Canva To gain full knowledge about the workings of bathroom faucets, you first have to look at 5 basic components: the body, spout, aerator, handle, and stopper. 1- Body The body refers to the faucet’s base, meaning the part that will be fitted to the following: Wall Countertop Sink Bathtub Note that certain vessels and sinks come with pre-drilled holes, while others do not. In the latter case, you’ll be responsible for drilling the holes based on the type of faucet purchased. 2- Spout This is the most prominent part of the faucet by which water flows. There are various types of spouts available, including low- or high-arc, classic, and waterfall styles. For instance, some spouts have anti-limescale knobs to prevent limescale buildup. Others are equipped with a low-pressure diverter or swivel aerator. 3- Aerator Also known as a water-saving regulator or water flow restrictor, the aerator is fitted to the spout to reduce water flow. Its goal, you ask? Reducing water consumption or limiting limescale buildup. All of this is made possible by a single, simple phenomenon: the Venturi Effect. When the size of the faucet is reduced, the change in pressure can result in an air draw or suction. Outcome: Water flow is reduced by 10% to 70%, resulting in significant water savings. 4- Handle There are several to choose from: Cross Lever Cylindrical Round When considering handles, aesthetics are the primary concern. Together with the spout, handles are the fundamental components that define the faucet type. While cross handles are exclusive to mixer taps (two-handle), you’re free to choose the faucet type that resonates with your personal preferences. 5- Drain stopper The stopper is located at the bottom of the sink and prevents water from draining. There are 3 types: Grid stopper (doesn’t close) Push-button stopper (pushed down to open and close) Pop-up stopper (with a lever) Why choose a grid stopper when it doesn’t actually close? The reason is to prevent the sink from overflowing, especially in a situation where there’s no overflow drain. Are you looking for experts for your bathroom project? Fill in our form to be connected with top-rated contractors! The Different Water Flow and Temperature Mechanisms Source: Canva The primary function of a bathroom faucet is to dispense water at the desired temperature, whether it’s hot, lukewarm, or cold. Ensuring temperature consistency is crucial, whether it’s for the sink or tub/shower faucet. To achieve this, faucet manufacturers have introduced a variety of systems, each equipped with unique features. 1- Single-handle Single-handle faucets are easily recognizable by their single lever, which serves a dual purpose. When pulled vertically, the lever controls the water flow, while horizontal movements allow you to adjust the water temperature to your liking. How so? The mechanism has a plastic piece fitted with a rod that’s guided by the faucet handle. As you move the lever, a metallic basket strainer opens or restricts a three-hole water flow. By moving the lever from right to left, it manipulates the strainer basket to enable or restrict the hot or cold water flow. The two distinct water flows mix and are channelled through a third hole, allowing the water to exit through the faucet’s spout. 2- Two-handle The two-handle faucet features separate hot and cold water handles, specifically designed to blend hot and cold water temperatures. By adjusting either handle, you can easily set the desired water temperature by blending the two flows. This type of faucet is commonly found in kitchens and bathrooms to effectively control water temperature and flow. 3- Thermostatic mixing valve At first glance, this model may resemble a two-handle faucet due to its two handles flanking the spout. However, its fundamental operation closely resembles that of a single-handle faucet. In fact, the left-hand side handle serves the purpose of setting the water flow, much like the vertical side-to-side movement found in classic single-handle faucets. On the other hand, the right-hand side handle regulates the water temperature, akin to the up-and-down motion of a single-handle faucet. To ensure safety, the right-hand side handle features a stopper that prevents the water from reaching excessively high temperatures, mitigating the risk of burns. This model is primarily designed as a tub/shower faucet. For sinks, the classic single-handle spouts are more commonly preferred. 4- Touchless, temperature-controlled faucet This type of faucet is commonly found in public or commercial settings but is slowly making its way into household bathrooms. It features a sensor-activated water flow mechanism, which automatically shuts off after a predefined time lapse. The faucet is activated via one of three motion sensor mechanisms: Infrared sensor Optoelectronic sensor Radar sensor The time-lapse setting is typically adjusted according to one's needs, ranging from 3 to 10 seconds. The water flow rate is typically preset during the manufacturing process, usually 3 litres per minute, but it can be adjusted to vary between 1.5 to 6 litres per minute. This type of faucet is particularly advantageous for water conservation, making it ideal for households with children who may often forget to turn off the tap after washing their hands. How to Choose Bathroom Plumbing Fixtures Source: Canva Select your faucet based on the following three factors: Water hardness Consumption habits Aesthetics In any case, make certain that the faucet you choose is compatible with your existing plumbing and bathroom installations. 1- Bathroom faucet and water hardness The hardness of the water plays a critical role in selecting bathroom faucets. In fact, it’s essential to choose faucets that can effectively withstand limescale buildup and corrosion, depending on the hardness of the water. As mentioned earlier, thermostatic mixing valves aren’t specifically designed to withstand limescale buildup, which can lead to clogging in the faucet's thermostat components. On the other hand, two-handle faucets, featuring knobs on either side of the spout, are better equipped to handle limescale buildup. However, one drawback is that regulating the water temperature may take slightly longer compared to single-handle faucets. 2- Your consumption habits This is where your consumption habits come into play. After experiencing the convenience of a single-handle faucet, going back to a two-handle faucet may prove challenging. Two-handle faucets can be less efficient in regulating water temperature, requiring adjustments to both taps to achieve the desired temperature. This constant tinkering can lead to increased water consumption as you attempt to find the right temperature. In contrast, a single-handle faucet, once you become accustomed to its settings, allows you to set the desired temperature with ease. 3- Aesthetics Manufacturers spare no effort in making bathroom faucets visually appealing, whether they’re single-handle, two-handle, or thermostatic mixing valve models. As a result, all three categories boast their unique charm. Let’s just say that for traditional, industrial, or minimalist interior designs, the two-handle faucet stands out as an excellent choice. Its cross handles, which aren’t found on single-handle faucets, add a timeless allure to the overall aesthetic. On the other hand, for black, contemporary or more modern-looking bathrooms, single-handle faucets or thermostatic mixing valves are more fitting. Their lever or round handles complement various design preferences. Beyond the handles, another crucial factor in choosing a faucet is its spout, more specifically, its shape. There are typically 3 types of spouts: Waterfall: water flow has a cascading or waterfall-like effect Classic: straight or slightly rounded design Arc (low or high): curving downward and swivelling Ultra-thin Ultimately, the choice depends on your personal preferences, design inspiration, and material preferences (such as nickel, stainless steel, brass, etc.). How to Install a Bathroom Faucet Source: Canva No matter which type of faucet you decide to install, the package will contain the following essential components: Flexible tube connectors Faucet (single-handle, two-handle) Drain stopper Drain system’s metal lever To begin the installation process, start by shutting off the water supply, then follow these 9 steps: Hold the faucet with one hand and, using the other, unscrew the bolts at its base. Remove the O-ring. Install the flexible tubes inside the faucet. Position the faucet into the pre-drilled holes in the sink, bathtub, or wall. Place the drain mechanism (in either the front or back of the faucet, depending on the design). Tighten the bolts from below while reassembling the base and the gasket (O-ring). Reconnect the flexible tubes to the water supply, making sure not to forget the O-rings. Tighten by hand at first, and then use pliers while holding the tubes to prevent twisting (hot water on the left, cold water on the right). Insert the drain stopper’s metal level and tighten it in place. Turn the water back on and test your installation to ensure there are no leaks. One-piece, Single-hole, or Widespread Faucets A one-piece faucet is designed as a single unit. The spout and handles are part of the same set. However, one-piece, two-handle faucets require two holes and a 4-inch (10 cm) center-set distance. In contrast, a single-hole faucet requires one hole, regardless of whether it’s a single-handle or two-handle model. Widespread faucets, on the other hand, require no less than three or four holes: 1 for the spout 1 for the cold water tap 1 for the hot water tap 1 for the handheld spray head Moving along from faucet holes brings us to our next topic: the installation of bathroom fixtures. How to Clean and Maintain Faucets and Fixtures Source: Canva Regular faucet maintenance is relatively simple. Here are our recommendations to keep your bathroom faucets and fixtures looking clean and shiny: Wipe down with a soft cloth. Dampen a cloth with water and add a bit of Meudon white (whiting). If you don’t have any Meudon white, use pumice powder. Add a few drops of oil to the cloth. Scrub your faucet and fixtures. Wipe down with a towel. Shine with a chamois cloth. How to Remove Limescale from a Single-Handle Faucet With an adjustable wrench, unscrew the aerator, which is part of the faucet that’s found at the tip of the spout. Then, you can remove the filter and proceed by cleaning it with white vinegar. If the aerator is covered in a too-thick layer of limescale, and you aren’t able to remove it by hand, allow it to soak in white vinegar. How to Choose a Bathroom Faucet Source: Canva There’s no such thing as the perfect bathroom faucet. It very much depends on the water, its intended use, and the design you’re looking to convey in your bathroom. To reiterate an important point, if your household water is hard, it’s best to opt for a single-handle faucet. Its mechanism is less prone to limescale-related issues. In contrast, a thermostatic mixing valve runs the risk of accumulating a tough layer of limescale, which could potentially lead to clogging over time. There’s an array of bathroom plumbing fixtures and faucet brands, all with different designs and unique features. Among the most popular brands are Grohe, Kohler, Hansgrohe, American Standard, Moen, and Delta. Each and every one of these brands offers high-end, quality products with worthwhile features. Faucet Pricing Examples A one-piece, single-handle faucet with a high arc: about $280. A widespread faucet for a sink with a high arc spout: about $390. A wall-mounted, widespread faucet with cross handles: about $315. A two-handle shower faucet with diverter: about $240. A touchless, temperature-controlled, low-end faucet: about $160. By all means, pricing doesn’t dictate design as evidenced by a single-handle, rounded faucet with a waterfall spout that retails for about $110. On the tipping end of the scale, you can purchase a bathtub faucet, with a handheld head and a brushed gold finish, for a sum nearing $2,300.
SoumissionRenovation.ca • 14 Mar 2023
Somewhere between luxury and nature, your bathroom serves as a real peace haven. It’s a minimalist, organized, and well-thought-out space that fosters relaxation and emotional release. Consider a less-is-more approach with natural materials and a completely redesigned lighting scheme. Beyond its utilitarian aspect, it’s the perfect place to unwind and recharge. Whether a cozy haven or home spa, a Zen bathroom is, first and foremost, where serenity meets well-being. It’s easy to recreate, and it takes on a myriad of visions that allows you to travel from the serene forests of Northern Quebec to the hammams of the Middle East. Here’s a guide to creating a Zen-like design in your bathroom. Take a deep breath… And allow yourself to be inspired… How to Design Your Own Zen Bathroom Source: Canva The minimalist trend is largely inspired by the traditional values of the Japanese art of living and is based on the pursuit of balance and bliss. The Zen bathroom is, first and foremost, a feel-good space, where everything has its place. This style favours clean lines and smooth surfaces. Here, a subdued setting equals refinement. It’s simple, the key is to focus on the essentials in order to achieve a perfect balance. Zen tradition fosters a respectful relationship with nature, hence the use of materials with seemingly opposite properties. The result is rich contrasts between the meeting of fragile beauty and imperfect raw materials. Rooted in Japanese culture, humans don’t dominate nature, they live a harmonious coexistence, respectful of external forces. Angular shapes are avoided to instead focus on curves. Soft and voluptuous textures artfully oppose that of raw materials. The look of wicker, jute, rattan, and stone is especially aesthetically pleasing. While contrasts do differentiate, never to the point of disrupting the overall harmony. Hence, the mingling of different materials. Whether supple or rigid, plush or rough. The materials that are symbolic of Japan are bamboo, wood, stone, and ceramic. Plants are also featured given the importance of connecting with nature. Just as soft colours and natural materials achieve a much sought-after balance in any Zen concept, mineral and plant elements come together to create a poetically charming setting. And, for a meditative approach, lighting takes centre stage. Whether natural or theatrical, the important thing is that it can be both bright and dim. Blinds and curtains are removed, allowing long, wispy veils to drape across large windows. Other light sources are multiplied: chandeliers, candles, lanterns... As always, mood is everything. Must-Have Items Source: Canva Are you looking to renovate your bathroom to turn it into the ideal setting to unwind? Here are the elements that must be featured to inspire a Zen-like décor. Jacuzzi tub and walk-in shower Draw attention to the bathtub. It's the ultimate symbol of a relaxed setting and is at the heart of the Zen bathroom, where well-being prevails above all else. Feel free to give it a beachy, resort look. The walk-in shower wave is ongoing and rivals the bathtub, aesthetically speaking. Pebble-like ceramics, slate or natural stones, glass doors, multi-jet head and a rainfall showerhead. The walk-in shower brilliantly frames the décor and conveys undeniable comfort and aesthetics. Zen-inspired vanity and vessel The furniture is also refined, devoid of any ornaments. Wood is largely favoured. For drop-in countertop sinks, the trend calls for resistant and durable materials, those that are low maintenance, smooth and soft to the touch. Corian materials are a great example. Tin-glazed, glass, but also stone. It’s all very Zen, the vessel blends in with a waterfall faucet to convey a very authentic and refreshing décor. Here, round and oval-shaped vessels are favoured, but also square or rectangular ones with rounded edges. Royal-like or sleek faucet As for things like faucets and hardware, it’s done right. Stainless steel is all the more popular. It’s available in a soft or matte finish and in classic shades that perfectly blend into the décor. On the other hand, it can also be quite majestic, embracing champagne or bronze tints, thus echoing the charms of distant lands. For a few years now, faucets have become part of the décor; they’ve been entirely revamped, and are now available in stylish designs. Waterfall faucets are everything! Unapparent or built-in storage The functional aspect of the mirrored-panel medicine cabinet is a fan favourite. The larger the better to enable an effective storage solution, open up the space, and it’s just more fun to look at yourself in a wide mirror. Also, floor-to-ceiling linen cabinets are a must. A handleless, tone-on-tone model that seamlessly blends into the walls is ideal. However, this style calls for towels, pretty soaps, skincare, bathrobes, or any other item that should be within arm’s reach, to be exposed on raw wooden shelves, bamboo towel bars, or in a wicker basket. There are a ton of good finds out there to allow for effective storage while still conveying a mood. If you’re thinking of adopting this option, consider purchasing new a towel set! Are you looking for experts for your bathroom project? Fill in our form to be connected with top-rated contractors! What colours best suit a cozy, Zen-inspired bathroom? Source: Canva In Zen-like bathrooms, sandy, wood-inspired, and pastel colours are featured. One allows themselves to be lulled by soft, single-colour hues that are reminiscent of a sense of travelling. Colour is welcomed provided it’s soft, scarce, and cozy. The chosen hues instill relaxation not unlike delicate fibres call for cozy nesting. Whites and greys urge a meditative state. Natural, earthy tones are rather soothing and promote a sense of wellness. Neutral, earthy, greige, or terracotta tones complete and balance all the different shades of wood. Local, light-coloured wood or leafy and resinous trees evoke Canada’s boreal forest. One also allows themselves to include warm shades of exotic wood, while also being bold enough to include driftwood, for a clever touch of comfort. Undeniably, colours wield the uncanny ability to influence moods and emotions, therefore, shades that are reminiscent of nature, horizons, and travels are favoured. To ensure the space isn’t overwhelmed or overdone, limit yourself to two or three complimentary colours. Light shades will also create a feeling of spaciousness, making your bathroom appear bigger. As for light fixtures, mirrors, and faucets, think gold and brass. Both are rich and warm precious metals and once they’re integrated into your Zen-like bathroom, they’ll effectively swoop you off into an alternate dimension. Soft pastels and mineral colours, feel free to mix these shades, but materials too; they go hand in hand. Stone tiling perfectly matches earth tones, as well as forest- and ocean-inspired colours. Keep in mind, following the Zen tradition, allow yourself to be guided by two fundamental principles: tranquillity and harmony. Still unsure? Once you’ve found the right shade for the flooring, it could very well set the tone for the rest of the colours and accessories. What type of tiles are most suitable for a Zen bathroom? Source: Canva In a Zen, minimalist bathroom, eclectic-like ceramic tiles are going to somewhat offset the balance. Whether on the walls, floor, or shower, ceramic tiles that are subtle, tone-on-tone or have exposed veining, are concrete-like, terrazzo, terracotta, or natural stone convey and slightly delve into an over-the-top look. This style calls for oversized and miniature tiles, much like a mosaic. For a complete change of scenery, blues and greens take centre stage. Beige, taupe, white, mineral grey and faux concrete are also among the fan favourites. Lastly, one can recreate a hammam-like setting or a sauna with wood-like tiles. This bathroom design reaches new heights with staggering vertically-laid wall tiles that simulate even more height. Much like a scene straight out of Arabian Nights, we align golden-hued marble with the knobs and handles, and faucets and light fixtures of the riches hues that exist. Lastly, mosaics are featured in all Zen-inspired décors, whether simply designed or as opulent as ever. It adorns the floors, runs on the walls, dangles over the bathtub, and shines over the shower. NOTE: There’s nothing like a mosaic to combine colours. These minuscule tiles were once defined by the fact that only skilled tradespersons would attempt installation. However, they’re now retailed on a mesh, which greatly facilitates installation. Mosaic tiles are now available to all, so why not make the most of this look? Select the Ideal Zen-Like Bathroom Accessories Source: Canva Zen is synonymous with relaxation, nature, and tranquillity. Guided by this mindset, the décor is nurtured in such a way that it instills a sense of serenity. While the focus is on minimalism, special attention is still awarded to details. A few, well-chosen and specially positioned items can lead to zenitude. Nothing is taken lightly, except maybe those large, whimsical and fluffy feathers that often adorn blown glass vases positioned next to the bathtub. Once the ceramic tiles and colours have been selected, simply add decorative pieces that once again affirm the chosen style. From the furniture selection to that of the towels, everything must instill a sense of R&R. Here are a few helpful guidelines… Full throttle on plush and cozy materials Ever so fluffy and welcoming, bathrobes are exposed, thereby accentuating the whole “cozy” aspect of the bathroom. The towels are rolled and layered on shelving, snug in wicker baskets, or positioned beneath the vanity. Rugs are ever-present The bathmat is just as plush. It’s the perfect replica of those that are meant for the living room or dining room, with Berber-inspired patterns. Two is better than one, three is finer than two…and so goes luxury. Tens, hundreds, thousands of pebbles Largely inspired by Asian gardens, pebbles are reminiscent of a calm and serene setting. In a bathroom, they’re ever-so loved. They blend in with the flooring, are laid atop epoxy poured into the shower floor, line the bathtub, and adorn vases, pots, and lanterns. Shells In a blue or aqua setting, shells are very reminiscent of coastal living and travel. They’re featured in clear vases, on shelves, in lanterns, as a mobile, and embroidered on towels like those seen on dinner napkin rings. Natural fibre storage baskets Practical, versatile, but most of all, pretty! Various sizes of storage baskets are featured and multiplied to store towels, bathrobes, scented soaps, and skincare products. Bamboo, through and through Bamboo, featured in its raw state is unrivalled in terms of exposing an exotic-like aspect that perfectly adds a touch of Zen to a bathroom. It can be subtly featured by way of a pedestal towel holder or light fixture, but you may be tempted to have a very Zen bamboo wall. Jute These natural fibres are used to weave baskets, lampshades, and rugs. It’s a great material to tread on; its texture is slightly rough… Customizable jute baskets for the win! Candles: A requisite They’re definitely a must-have in any and all bathrooms but are a sure find in a Zen bathroom. Slightly scented, they delicately fuse together the inspired theme: sandalwood, eucalyptus, Japanese cherry, pine, bergamot, etc. Incandescent light fixtures Whether neutral or glittering, light fixtures are always a good look. Black metals paired with gold or copper-hued ones convey a unique, and slightly theatrical, mood. Aim for a sophisticated touch that harmoniously contrasts with natural materials like linen, cotton, and rattan, without being too overwhelming. A nice, round mirror Circles, a symbol of unity, evoke an alliance not unlike the yin and yang. It’s also a symbol that represents infinity, harmony, natural occurrences, perfection, and abundance. Upon closer inspection, there’s nothing more natural than featuring a round mirror in a Zen bathroom. Plan for rattan From its initial use in bedrooms, sunrooms, and verandas, rattan has now found its place in the bathroom. DIY hammam The Middle Eastern hammam, however hard to resist, is surprisingly easy to replicate in your home and brings forth a unique setting. Light colours, wood, Mediterranean patterns, concrete-like tiles…now that’s a perfect rendition of a Zen bathroom.